. Honor To Woman. The hero of the play, Karl Moor, a young man of fiery spirit and abundant vitality, has led a somewhat disorderly life at the university. Schiller besaß fünf Geschwi… Friedrich Schiller Work Mind Ideas The world is ruled only by consideration of advantages. 1967), which has an extensive introduction about Schiller along with some of his works; and John Martin Ellis, Schiller's Kalliasbriefe and the Study of His Aesthetic Theory (1969). In the fragmentary drama Demetrius, Schiller unfolds a mysterious fate, revealing through his analytical dramatic technique a past crime more terrible to contemplate than any dread of the future. Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. Though Schiller's importance is now widely recognized, he was better known as Goethe's contemporary for many years. 1845). Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature, GOETHE, JOHANN WOLFGANG VON (1749–1832; elevated to the nobility as von Goethe in 1782) During his lifetime, he was lauded as one of the figures who raised the stature of German literature. https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/schiller-johann-christoph-friedrich-von, "Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von A rapid succession of verse plays followed up to his death: Maria Stuart (1801; Mary Stuart), Die Jungfrau von Orleans (1802; The maid of Orleans), Die Braut vonMessina (1803; The bride of Messina), Wilhelm Tell (1804; William Tell), and Demetrius (unfinished). He was born as Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller in Marbach am Neckar, W rttemberg, Holy Roman Empire. ." The inspiration for these poems was a 30-year-old widow, Dorothea Vischer, who had three children. Of the many critical biographies see William Witte, Schiller (1949) and Schiller and Burns (1959). ." NOVALIS (Friedrich Leopold von Hardenberg…, SCHLEGEL, AUGUST WILHELM VON (1767–1845), German literary critic and scholar. Schiller married Charlotte von Lengefeld in 1790. As a boy, Schiller, under the influence of Philipp Ulrich Moser, a parson, wanted to become a preacher. ——. Meantime, Schiller's conflict with the Duke of Württemberg forced him to flee Stuttgart in September 1782. Artistry dominates it at the cost of poetry. On the Aesthetic Education of Man, in a Series of Letters. Retrieved December 19, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/schiller-johann-christoph-friedrich-von. The strict discipline, only strengthened his longing for freedom. Dalberg, not anxious to provoke a diplomatic incident by sheltering a deserter, kept him at arm’s length. "Schiller, Friedrich von Schiller's appeal has continued in part because of his association with great music, having inspired Beethoven's “Ode to Joy” and operas by Rossini and Verdi. Against his parents' wishes, however, Schiller was drafted into the Karlsschule, an elite military academy, in 1773. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Encyclopedia.com. ." For the first time, too, Schiller accomplished the presentation of a perfectly drawn and perfectly convincing noblewoman. ." Schiller, however, proved that Germany could compete with—and in some ways surpass—the creative and intellectual achievements of any other country. Weimar, 1943–. Translated by Robert David MacDonald. Don Carlos was important in Schiller's dramatic development not only for its use of a historical setting but also for its employment of blank verse. "Schiller, Friedrich von Garland, H. B. Schiller: The Dramatic Writer. He decides to give himself up to justice, thus submitting to the law that he had flouted. More brilliantly than any of his predecessors, he revealed the power of drama and poetry in expressing a philosophy that emphasized both his idealism and his concern for human freedom. "Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller There he finished his third tragedy, Kabale und Liebe (1784; Cabal and Love). Karlsschule was located in Stuttgart (a city in Württemberg) and was a rigidly disciplined academy established to train the sons of German army officers for public service. Kant's dualism, according to which human beings belong to the realm of nature but also partake through reason in the realm of freedom, became fundamental to Schiller's thinking on aesthetics, for he saw art as a means of reconciling the tensions between nature and reason. Schiller was also esteemed as an adept lyricist and theoretician whose works are informed by his conviction that the writer should strive not only to entertain, but also to instruct and improve his audience. In 1784 Schiller completed Die Schaubühne als moralische Anstalt betrachtet, which appeared in his Rheinische Thalia, a literary journal, in 1785. Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790): A founding father of the United States, Franklin was also a prolific writer and inventor. . In a paper, address these questions: How would the lack of a patron affect an author's literary output? During the last seventeen years of his life, Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe. Schiller's final tragedies are concerned with man's profoundest experience, the assertion and attainment of free will despite bodily claims or passion. Together they reflect Schiller's preoccupation with some of the pressing themes of the age of the French Revolution: legitimacy of government, conscience versus political calculation, and the individual within the tide of events. Thinkers such as Carl Gustav Jung, Friederich Nietzsche, Friederich Hegel, and Karl Marx were also indebted to the ideas Schiller set forth in his philosophical and aesthetical works. It hinders the creative work of the mind if the intellect examines too closely the ideas as they pour in. Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von Description and history. In the preface to the first edition of this play, Schiller explained his views on the function of the chorus. Schiller decided to devote part of this time to studying the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. HOFMANNSTHAL, HUGO VON Wilhelm Tell Since its debut in 1804, Wilhelm Tell has remained a work that is frequently performed and read. Schiller's Sturm und Drang work, however, mellowed with age, and his later pieces are well-planned, reasoned, and articulate expressions of neoclassical ideals and philosophical exploration. I am looking for the Poem of Friedrich von Schiller " The Friendship "Georgette (4/10/2019 4:46:00 PM) Poem re valley drear, blissful sphere. . They had met once before, in December 1779, Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller (1802 adlad von Schiller), född 10 november 1759 i Marbach am Neckar i Württemberg, död 9 maj 1805 i Weimar i Sachsen-Weimar, var en tysk författare, dramatiker och filosof av weimarklassicismen His first three plays, Die Räuber, Die Verschwörung des Fiesko zu Genua (1783; The conspiracy of Fiesko at Genoa), and Kabale und Liebe (1784; Intrigue and love) owe much in style and spirit to the short-lived but influential avantgarde literary movement of the 1770s, the Sturm und Drang. The conflict between father and son is not confined to their private lives, however; it has broad political implications as well. Her books include Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventu italiana (1748). . Encyclopedia.com. In the nineteenth century, critics admired Schiller's taste and feeling and his concern for human freedom. AKA Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller. Schiller had received three silver medals. 1759 Friedrich Schiller wird geboren 1766 1772 1773-1780 Er tritt ins Militär ein und studiert nebenbei Jura 1775 Schiller beginnt mit dem Studium der Medizin 1780 Im November erscheint die gedruckte Fassung von den Räubern, worauf am 14. After months of intermittent illness, Schiller died in Weimar on May 9, 1805. . . It forms the basis of modern poetry criticism. This movie depicts life and war in thirteenth-century Scotland. Encyclopedia.com. Schillers Werke. Witte, W. Schiller. When Gessler, the governor, brutally interferes with life and nature, the Swiss, and with them Wilhelm Tell, fight for family and freedom. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In 1799 Schiller moved from Jena to Weimar, and he died there on 9 May 1805. Friedrich von Schiller was born at Marbach, Württemberg, on Nov. 10, 1759. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. The iron necessity of man's daily existence degraded him, said Schiller, and utility became the idol of the masses. Art became, for Schiller, in the Platonic sense a basis of education. These three plays—Wallensteins Lager, Piccolomini, and Wallensteins Tod—represent Schiller's most powerful tragedy. He initially wanted to be a clergyman and enrolled in the Latin School at Ludwigsburg in 1766. At the time, Germany remained fragmented into more than three hundred principalities, bishoprics, and free cities, including Württemberg. . Contemporary critics have suggested that Schiller's dramas are less accessible to modern readers due to their flamboyant, sometimes bombastic language. Schiller accepted and had the satisfaction of seeing Kabale und Liebe score a resounding success, but his hopes of clearing his debts and gaining a measure of financial security were doomed. Friedrich von Schiller (Friedrich o Federico Schiller; Marbach, Alemania, 1759 - Weimar, id., 1805) Escritor, filósofo e historiador alemán considerado el mejor dramaturgo de la historia de la escena alemana. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Friedrich von Schiller Lassen Sie uns in unserem Hotel und Restaurant in Bietigheim-Bissingen Ihr Gastgeber sein. During this time he composed Die Verschwörung des Fiesko zu Genua (1783) and Kabale und Liebe (1784). Retrieved December 19, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/schiller-friedrich-von. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A friend gave him a post at the Mannheim Theater in 1783, and he was offered generous financial assistance by patron and friend Christian Gottfried Körner. Critics marveled at his ability to portray with immediacy and complexity human suffering and the triumph of the human spirit. His compositions include the “Paris” Symphony (1778) and the opera The Marriage of Figaro (1786). His parents were, Johann Kaspar Schiller, a military doctor and Elisabeth Dorothea Kodwei . Birth and Education Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was born on November 10, 1759, in Mar-bach, Germany, to an army captain and an innkeeper's daughter. London, 1918. Dec. 2, 2020. Don Carlos also set a precedent for the verse form of the German classical drama: Shakespearean blank verse. In 1782, Schiller attended the performance of The Robbers at a theater in Mannheim, a production that earned him both public acclaim and the wrath of Duke Eugen, who insisted that he work only on medical texts from then on. 19 Dec. 2020 . In 1804, Schiller published his greatest literary achievement, Wilhelm Tell, a powerful blend of history and heroic fiction. Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller (n. 10 noiembrie 1759, Marbach am Neckar, Sfântul Imperiu Roman – d. 9 mai 1805, Weimar, Saxa-Weimar), înnobilat în anul 1802 ca Friedrich von Schiller, a fost un poet și dramaturg german, considerat unul din clasicii poeziei germane. His villainous younger brother Franz poisons their aged father’s mind against the prodigal elder son. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html, MAJOR WORKS:The Robbers (1781)Intrigue and Love (1784)Wallenstein (1800)Maria Stuart (1801)Wilhelm Tell (1804). In 1763, his father was appointed as a recruiting officer at Schwabisch Gmund, Germany. In the opening strophe of this work, man, standing on the threshold of a new century, is depicted as the master of nature. Schiller enjoyed the friendship of Goethe, with whom he began editing the literary journals Horen (1795-1797) and Musenalmanach (1796-1800). Őt tartják a legjelentősebb német drámaírónak, továbbá Goethe, Wieland és Herder mellett a weimari klasszikusok legfontosabb képviselőjének. Nevertheless, the first performance (Jan. 13, 1782) at the National Theatre at Mannheim created a sensation; it was a milestone in the history of the German theatre. SHARPE, LESLEY "Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich Von (1759–1805) In them he comes nearest to the tragic grandeur of William Shakespeare and Heinrich von Kleist. In his philosophical poem Das Ideal und das Leben (1795) the poet presents no clumsy didactic lesson. Art is the first step away from the bondage of the flesh into a realm where the nobility of the soul reigns. His studies in esthetics accompanied his historical researches. His final major treatise, Über naive und sentimentalische Dichtung (1795; On naive and sentimental poetry), defines the problem of the modern ("sentimental") writer's divided consciousness. Encyclopedia of World Biography. An early biography of Schiller is Thomas Carlyle, The Life of Friedrich Schiller (1825; 2d ed. Honor to woman! . 19 Dec. 2020 . Schiller's inaugural, Was heisst und zu welchem Ende studiert man Universalgeschichte, caused a sensation. Encyclopedia.com. Frankfurt am Main, 2000–. Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805), 1802 geadelt, war ein Arzt, Dichter, Philosoph und Historiker. Goethe, who was in Italy at the time, returned to Weimar in the following year. Oxford: Blackwell, 1949. Here are a few examples of other writings based on historical events: A Tale of Two Cities (1859), a novel by Charles Dickens. Edited by Julius Petersen, Liselotte Blumenthal, et al. The compositional difficulties Schiller encountered with Don Carlos provoked a creative crisis, and though he wrote two seminal poems in 1788, "Die Götter Griechenlandes" (The gods of Greece) and "Die Künstler" (The artists), he turned away for almost a decade from creative writing, with the purpose of clarifying his thoughts on art in general and tragedy in particular. ." Lithografie van Friedrich Schiller uit 1905, ter herinnering aan zijn adellijke titel in 1802 Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller ( Marbach am Neckar , 10 november 1759 - Weimar , 9 mei 1805) was een Duits toneelschrijver , filosoof en dichter . Updates? SHARPE, LESLEY "Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich Von (1759–1805) Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (Marbach am Neckar, 10 de novembro de 1759 — Weimar, 9 de maio de 1805), mais conhecido como Friedrich Schiller, foi um poeta, filósofo, médico e historiador alemão. Max von Gruber's discovery of specific bacterial agglutination in 1896 laid the gro…, Hofmannsthal, Hugo von With its historical setting and its use of blank verse to explore a theme of love versus duty, this play would prove important to Schiller's dramatic development. No mention of reward or recompense for the sufferer, or of moral striving after inner freedom, is made. In 1788 Schiller's poems Die Götter Griechenlands and Die Künstler appeared, and that same year he published Geschichte des Abfalls der vereinigten Niederlande, a history of the revolt of the Netherlands against Spain. August Wilhelm von Schlegel, older brother of the now more famous Fried…, Achim von Arnim Don Carlos marks a major turning point in Schiller’s development as a dramatist. Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. 19 Dec. 2020 . Schiller created the character of Wilhelm Tell as a manly hero without making him into a leader. He gave jubilant expression to his new mood of contentment in his hymn “An die Freude” (“Ode to Joy”), which Beethoven was to use for the choral movement of his Ninth Symphony. Schiller's intellectual superiority and creative passion were cause for national pride; for instance, his birthday was declared a national holiday, streets and schools were named after him, and his works were adopted as part of Germany's educational curriculum. The struggle against love is a struggle for a high goal, and it is not the love of Don Carlos for the Queen or his friendship for the Marquis of Posa that forms the crux of the play but the ideal of spiritual and national freedom. In 1794 he formed a friendship and alliance with Goethe based on shared convictions about the enduring validity of classical principles in art and about the centrality of art as a human activity. Five Plays. What criteria would you use to assess the different bodies of work? Friedrich Schiller, Medicine, Psychology and Literature: With the First English Edition of His Complete Medical and Psychological Writings. Whereas Oedipus in the hands of Sophocles subjects himself to divine command, Schiller's Demetrius defies his fate in order to perish. In 1799 he completed his greatest drama, Wallenstein (published 1800). World Encyclopedia. Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was born in Marbach, Württemberg, of Lutheran parents. The Other Boleyn Girl (2003), a novel by Philippa Gregory. All of his characters speak in the grand style. At the same time he was writing his first play, Die Räuber, which was published in 1781. National Icon Schiller's reputation as a boldly original thinker and artist was established with his controversial but highly successful first play, The Robbers. Schiller's next play, Die Jungfrau von Orleans (1801), is his poetically richest drama. ; from 1992 by Norbert Oellers. Blank verse had been used by German playwrights before (notably Gotthold Ephraim Lessing in Nathan der Weise [1779]), but it was Schiller’s Don Carlos, together with Goethe’s Iphigenie auf Tauris (1787), that definitely established it as the recognized medium of German poetic drama. . ——. Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. The action-filled plots, strong characters, and thrilling encounters of Schiller's plays have not only guaranteed their continued place on the world stage but have inspired numerous opera composers, Giuseppe Verdi being the most prominent. Braveheart (1995), a film directed by Mel Gibson. His fourth play, Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien (1787; Don Carlos, infante of Spain), anticipates his later dramas in its use of blank verse and concern with historical and public themes. Christoph Martin Wieland (1733–1813): The German author wrote both the educational novel Geschichte des Agathon (1766–1767) and the romantic poem Oberon (1780). Johann Christoph Friedrich (von) Schiller est un poète, écrivain et théoricien de l'esthétique, né le 10 novembre 1759 à Marbach am Neckar et mort le 9 mai 1805 à Weimar. They also bear the imprint of Schiller's medical training at the military academy and in particular of his interest in the problem of mind-body relationships. Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805) is best known for his immense influence on German literature. Schiller's historical work on the revolt of the Netherlands against Spain (the 1568–1648 revolt of seventeen provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish Empire, which controlled them), as well as Goethe's support, earned him a professorship in history at the University of Jena in 1789, a position he would hold for the next decade. World Encyclopedia. In the third issue of Thalia Schiller published part of Don Carlos. What benefits does patronage provide? During his Weimar years Schiller created many of his finest plays and poems. Nevertheless, most commentators agree that Schiller's themes and concerns, including political and individual freedom, the complexity of human endeavor, and the struggle between the rational and sensual aspects of the self are remarkably prescient of twentiethand twenty-first-century concerns. He also collaborated with both Goethe and Schiller in Weimar. ." In order to have the play accepted, Schiller had to prepare a stage version in which the rebellious ardour of his original text was toned down. In 1795 he wrote in his Ü ber die aesthetische Erziehung des Menschen, "There is no other way to make the sensuous man rational and reasonable than by first making him esthetic." Wilhelm Tell. The appeal of its theme (the revolt of elemental human feeling against the artificialities of convention), the vigour of its social criticism, and the vitality of its dialogue and characters combine to make Kabale und Liebe great theatre. His appointment at the Mannheim lasted a single year because the management wanted drama that avoided the extravagances of Schiller's The Robbers and Intrigue and Love (1784), his next major play. Critic H. B. Garland believes that Wilhelm Tell is “probably Schiller's most popular play, rich in qualities which no other of his works displays in equal degree,” although, according to W. G. Moore, evaluation of the work “really rests upon a decision as to whether Schiller was predominantly a thinker, writing to present an argument about freedom, or a dramatist, presenting a case of notable conflict and a revelation of the mystery of life.” Whatever their approach, critics continue to praise Schiller's ability to control the dramatic action of Wilhelm Tell through characterization, setting, and language. Schiller wrote his important essay in esthetics, Ü ber naive und sentimentalische Dichtung, in 1795-1796. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Schiller's most popular play, Maria Stuart, was completed in 1800, and he wrote several other important plays during this time. To give him time to recuperate at leisure, two Danish patrons granted him a generous pension for three years. Schiller revealed his technical mastery at its most supreme in Wilhelm Tell (1804). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Life of Friedrich Schiller. Around the same time, Schiller founded the literary journal Rheinland Thalia. Oxford: Clarendon, 1969. Kristin Lavransdatter (1920), a novel by Sigrid Undset. Reed, T. J. Schiller. A statue of Friedrich Schiller by Max von Widnmann stands in Schiller Park, in Columbus, Ohio's German Village, in the United States.. Schiller moved from romantic poetry to a quieter and more measured style as he grew older. Translated by Hilary Collier Sy-Quia. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. She had rented a simple ground-floor room to Schiller and another lieutenant. 1959). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/schiller-friedrich-von, "Schiller, Friedrich von Schiller moved to Leipzig, where he was befriended by Christian Gottfried Körner. Schiller wuchs in einer sehr religiösen Familie auf und verbrachte einen Großteil seiner Jugend mit dem Studium der Bibel, was später seinen literarischen Stil als Dramatiker beeinflusste. "Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von In spite of the initial distance between them, Goethe had recommended Schiller for appointment to a professorship of history at the University of Jena, Schiller having presented the requisite credentials in his Geschichte des Abfalls der vereinigten Niederlande von der spanischen Regierung (1788; “History of the Revolt of the United Netherlands against the Spanish Government”). Friedrich von Schiller November 10, 1759 - May 9, 1805 Johann Christopher Friedrich von Schiller’s major poetic and dramatic works — Die Räuber (1782), Don Carlos (1787), Wallenstein Stuart (1800) and Wilhelm Tell (1804) — all express a yearning for escape from tyranny. the beginning of a succession of agonizing debts that characterized Schiller's early career. His Geschichte des Dreissigjährigen Krieges, a history of the Thirty Years War, appeared in 1791-1792. 1845). Stahl, Ernst L. Friedrich Schiller's Drama: Theory andPractice. In December 1780 Schiller was appointed medical officer to a regiment stationed in Stuttgart at a pitiably low salary. On July 20, 1794, after a meeting in Jena of a nature society of which both were honorary members, Goethe went to Schiller's house to continue a discussion on the interpretation of natural phenomena, the metamorphosis of plants, and the interrelationship or separation between idea and experience. Retrieved December 19, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/johann-christoph-friedrich-von-schiller. Their correspondence, along with their joint essays and projects, had a lasting impact on German literary debate and practice. His 1796 essay “On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry” is considered the basis for modern poetry criticism. The result was the Sturm und Drang, or “Storm and Stress,” movement that swept German literature in the late eighteenth century. Werke und Briefe. Friedrich von Schiller. In 1787 Schiller paid a visit to his friend Frau von Kalb in Weimar, the residence of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who at that time was traveling in Italy. Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature. For some tense weeks Schiller led the hand-to-mouth life of a refugee, until he found a temporary home with Henriette von Wolzogen, whose sons had been fellow students of his and who invited him to stay at her house at Bauerbach in Thuringia. Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 1759 – 9 May 1805), usually known as Friedrich Schiller, was a German poet, physician, historian, dramatist, and playwright. Translated and edited by William F. Mainland. Chicago, 1972. Oxford and New York, 1991. Encyclopedia.com. Early in 1790, Schiller married Charlotte von Lengefeld, also a gifted writer. The two great German poets met the following year in the house of Frau von Lengefeld (later to be Schiller's mother-in-law) in Rudolstadt. He was regarded as a national icon on his death, and the attention paid to his works by German literary critics is comparable to Shakespeare in the English-speaking world. In spite of frequent illnesses, fevers, stomach upsets, and headaches, he wrote his final dissertation on the interrelationship between man's spiritual and physical natures. In his grandiose philosophic poem Die Künstler, Schiller venerated art as the ennobling power that can create a higher culture and disclose a world harmony. Wallenstein. 1186, citing Alter Friedhof Weimar, Weimar, Stadtkreis Weimar, Thüringen, Germany ; Maintained by Find A Grave . Will and Will Power Johann Friedrich Von Schiller Johann Friedrich Von Schiller Comment this quote | Permalink | Vote for this quote | 331 votes A noble heart will always capitulate to reason. In his influential treatise Über die ästhetische Erziehung des Menschen in einer Reihe von Briefen (1794; On the aesthetic education of man in a series of letters), he argues that beauty as "living form" symbolizes and helps bring about the ideal harmony of sense and spirit to which human beings aspire. Cambridge, U.K., and New York, 1991. Having endured the irksome regimentation at the academy for eight years, Schiller left to take up an appointment as an assistant medical officer to a Stuttgart regiment. "Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller Fiesko contemplates the idea that it is great to win a crown but that it is divine to be able to cast it off. Literary Friendships Schiller continued his dramatic pursuits, publishing and producing several plays and completing Don Carlos, Infante of Spain in 1787. Filled with dramatic events, romantic intrigue, and political conspiracy, this work helped win its author the 1928 Nobel Prize. Schiller captures the secret of great passion even in his earliest dramas. During 1795 Schiller started again to write poetry. SCHILLER, JOHANN CHRISTOPH FRIEDRICH VON (1759 – 1805), German dramatist, poet, historian, and philosopher. Under the influence of Winckelmann's conception of the "schöne Antike," Schiller became convinced that only art can ennoble the barbarian and bring him culture.

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