'The Cube', Arabic pronunciation: ), also spelled Ka'bah or Kabah, sometimes referred to as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (Arabic: ٱلْكَعْبَة ٱلْمُشَرَّفَة ‎, romanized: al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah, lit. [11] It is disputed whether Allah and Hubal were the same deity or different. [77][78] To be in a state of Wudu (ablution) is mandatory while performing tawaf as it is considered to be a form of worship ('ibadah). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Kaaba returned to the cube shape it had taken during Muhammad's time. According to Muslim tradition, the Kaʿbah was built by Abraham. During Muhammad’s early ministry, the Kaaba was the qiblah, or direction of prayer, for the Muslim community. When Muhammad’s forces conquered Mecca in 630, he ordered the destruction of the pagan idols housed in the shrine and ordered it cleansed of all signs of polytheism. 'The Sacred House of Allah'). Le Kaaba es le templo de Mecca.Secun le mythologia moslem, illo era construite per Ishmael e Abraham al location ubi Adam coleva primarimente post su expulsion del paradiso, e ubi, post duo centos annos de vagrante [? The Black Stone and the Maqam Ibrahim are believed by Muslims to be the only remnant of the original structure made by Abraham as the remaining structure had to be demolished and rebuilt several times over history for its maintenance. The cube-shaped structure is roughly 50 feet (15 metres) high, and it is about 35 by 40 feet (10 by 14 metres) at its base. ], ille esseva pardonate per Deo.In le angulo nord-est es Hajar Al-Aswad, le petra nigre.Illo es ubicate in le moschea del Haram.. Constructed of gray stone and marble, it is oriented so that its corners roughly correspond to the points of the compass. Kaaba (Ka'abah or Ka'ba) Central shrine of Islam, located in the Great Mosque in Mecca.In prayer, Muslims face the meridian that passes through the Kaaba. Le hazam fait 95 cm de largeur et 45 m de longueur et se compose de 16 morceaux. C'est l'histoire de la Ka'aba et les personnes qui l'ont protégé et est resté ses gardiens et les protecteurs de la satanique et les forces du mal dans l'histoire. [81], The Governor of the Makkah Province and accompanying dignitaries clean the interior of the Kaaba using cloths dipped in Zamzam water scented with Oud perfume. Kaaba, also spelled Kaʿbah, small shrine located near the centre of the Great Mosque in Mecca and considered by Muslims everywhere to be the most sacred spot on Earth. Très peu de décoration, les … It states that the Kaaba was the first House of Worship for mankind, and that it was built by Ibrahim and Ismail on Allah's instructions.[24][25][26]. More than 1.6 billion Muslims face the Kaaba from all over the world. The keys to the Kaaba are held by the Banī Shaybah (Arabic: بني شيبة‎) tribe, an honor bestowed upon them by Muhammad. The Kaʿbah housed the deities of visitors as well as the Meccans’ supra-tribal creator and covenant-guaranteeing deity, called Allāh. ", Ibn Kathir, in his famous exegesis (tafsir) of the Quran, mentions two interpretations among the Muslims on the origin of the Kaaba. [citation needed] The iconography portrayed a seated Maryam with her child on her lap. C'est l'histoire de la Ka'aba et les personnes qui l'ont protégé et est resté ses gardiens et les protecteurs de la satanique et les forces du mal dans l'histoire. Elle est changée tous les ans, le 9 dhou al-hijja du calendrier musulman, date qui correspond à la fin du hajj (10 mouharram auparavant)1. ['Ata'] said: "Yes, there was set in it a picture of Maryam adorned (muzawwaqan); in her lap, her son Isa sat adorned. 'going about') is one of the Islamic rituals of pilgrimage and is compulsory during both the Hajj and Umrah. Tawaf (Arabic: طَوَاف‎, lit. Pilgrimage to a holy site is a core principle of almost all faiths. Marble stripe marking the beginning and end of each circumambulation. "[19] According to historian Eduard Glaser, the name "Kaaba" may have been related to the southern Arabian or Ethiopian word "mikrab", signifying a temple. Accept (this service) from us: For Thou art the All-Hearing, the All-knowing. (bukhari :3020) La maison… The Kaaba or Ka'aba (Arabic: الكعبة‎ ‎ al-Kaʿbah IPA: [ælˈkæʕbɐ], "The Cube"), forby kent as the Sacred Hoose (البيت الحرام‎ Baytu l-Ḥarām) an the Auncient Hoose (البيت العتيق‎ Baytu l-'Atīq), is a cuboid biggin at the centre o Islam's maist saucrit mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabie.. References This is the second dateable text mentioning the Kaaba, first being some verses from the Quran. The Kaaba is depicted on the reverse of 500 Saudi riyal, and the 2000 Iranian rial banknotes.[63]. Saudi archeologist Mohammed Almaghthawi discovered some rock inscriptions mentioning the Masjid Al Haram and the Kaaba, dating back to the first and second centuries of Islam. Pilgrims go around the Kaaba (the most sacred site in Islam) seven times in a counterclockwise direction; the first three at a hurried pace on the outer part of the Mataaf and the latter four times closer to the Kaaba at a leisurely pace. Rock inscriptions from early Islam: Documentary evidence for the Kaaba. The name he gives it allows us to identify it as a South Arabian foundation created around a sanctuary. Omissions? They depict it as a city grown rich on the proceeds of the spice trade. Another stone was the Maqam Ibrahim, the Station of Abraham, where Abraham stood for elevation while building the structure. This short Nestorian (Christian origin) chronicle written no later than the 660s CE covers the history up to the Arab conquest and also gives an interesting note on Arabian geography. The structure was severely damaged by a fire on 3 Rabi' I 64 AH or Sunday, 31 October 683 CE, during the first siege of Mecca in the war between the Umayyads and 'Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr,[60] an early Muslim who ruled Mecca for many years between the death of ʿAli and the consolidation of power by the Umayyads. In Islam, Muslims pray five times a day and after 624 C.E., these prayers were directed towards Mecca and the Kaaba rather than Jerusalem; this direction (or qibla in Arabic), is marked in all mosques and enables the faithful to know in what direction they should pray. La Kaaba est un lieu sacré du culte musulman au sein de la mosquée al-Haram, à la Mecque, en Arabie Saoudite. [51] Muhammad's Isra' is said to have taken him from the Kaaba to the Masjid al-Aqsa and heavenwards from there. They are also to chant the Basmala and Takbir each time they complete one revolution. Corrections? La kiswa (de l'arabe كسوة [ costume]) est une étoffe de soie noire qui recouvre la Ka'ba (ou Kaaba) à La Mecque, et qui est ornée à mi-hauteur de calligraphies de la profession de foi musulmane et de versets coraniques, brodées en fil d'or. Muslim worshippers pray at the Kaaba, Islam’s holiest shrine, at the Grand Mosque in Saudi Arabia’s holy city of Mecca, June 23, during the last Friday of the holy month of Ramadan. The Kaaba is made of granite from the hills near Mecca. 'Honored Ka'bah'), is a building at the center of Islam's most important mosque, the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Indeed, it was no new thing for the Arabs to worship there, but goes back to antiquity, to their early days, in that they show honor to the father of the head of their people."[46]. This idol was one of the chief deities of the ruling Quraysh tribe. Located in the eastern corner of the Kaaba is the Black Stone of Mecca, whose now-broken pieces are surrounded by a ring of stone and held together by a heavy silver band. Located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, it is the holiest shrine in Islam. The floor of the interior stands about 2.2 m (7 ft 3 in) above the ground area where tawaf is performed. L’intérieur de la kaaba est quasiment vide. [76] The circling is believed to demonstrate the unity of the believers in the worship of the One God, as they move in harmony together around the Kaaba, while supplicating to God. Since he lived in tents, he built that place for the worship of God and for the offering of sacrifices. [55] According to reports collected by Ibn Ishaq and al-Azraqi, Muhammad spared a painting of Mary and Jesus, and a fresco of Abraham. "[14] Armstrong further says that the Kaaba was thought to be at the center of the world, with the Gate of Heaven directly above it. [36] A hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari states that the Kaaba was the first masjid on Earth, and the second was the Temple in Jerusalem. Timur Kuran, “Commercial Life under Islamic Rule,” in The Long Divergence : How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East. The Kaaba surrounded by pilgrims during the hajj, Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Pendant le hajj, elle est remplacée par un drap blanc pour s'a… He secured a peace treaty with them, the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, which allowed the Muslims to freely perform pilgrimage at the Kaaba from the following year. Bukhari rapporte que Jarîr a dit: «Le messager de Dieu me dit: "Ne vas-tu pas me débarrasser de thu-l-Khalasa?" The vicinity of the shrine was also made a sanctuary where bloodshed and war were forbidden. It is located inside the Grand Mosque in Makkah (Mecca) Saudi Arabia. Preparations for the washing start a day before the agreed date, with the mixing of Zamzam water with several luxurious perfumes including Tayef rose, 'oud and musk. The Kaaba is a cuboid-shaped structure made of stones. This combat-free zone allowed Mecca to thrive not only as a place of pilgrimage, but also as a trading center.[17]. [49][50] Ibn Ishaq says that the timber for the reconstruction of the Kaaba came from a Greek ship that had been wrecked on the Red Sea coast at Shu'aybah and that the work was undertaken by a Coptic carpenter called Baqum. There was a "Red Stone", in the Kaaba of the South Arabian city of Ghaiman; and the "White Stone" in the Kaaba of al-Abalat (near modern-day Tabala). If you like Kaaba as the holiest place of the world in Islam you can join us by click on LIKE. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Caretakers anoint the marble cladding with the same scented oil used to anoint the Black Stone outside. During the first half of Muhammad's time as a prophet while he was at Mecca, he and his followers were severely persecuted which eventually led to their migration to Medina in 622 CE. The Bāb ut-Tawbah—on the right wall (right of the entrance) opens to an enclosed staircase that leads to a hatch, which itself opens to the roof. Prior to Islam throughout the Arabian Peninsula, the Kaaba was a holy site for the various Bedouin tribes of the area. Zamzam water mixed with rose perfume is splashed on the floor and is wiped with palm leaves. Aujourd’hui, c’est la saturation. Lamp-like objects (possible lanterns or crucible censers) hang from the ceiling. Hans Wehr, Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 1994. The Ka'aba is considered the center of the Muslim world and is a unifying focal point for Islamic worship. The same year, during the reign of Ottoman Emperor Murad IV, the Kaaba was rebuilt with granite stones from Mecca, and the Mosque was renovated. The Kaaba (Arabic: ٱلْكَعْبَة‎, romanized: al-Kaʿbah, lit. Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Kaaba de la plus haute qualité. Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for mankind. He did so on the basis of a tradition (found in several hadith collections) that the hatīm was a remnant of the foundations of the Abrahamic Kaaba, and that Muhammad himself had wished to rebuild it so as to include it. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 693 CE, 'Abd al-Malik had the remnants of al-Zubayr's Kaaba razed, and rebuilt it on the foundations set by the Quraysh. Attractions près de Kaaba : (0.01 Km) Pierre noire (0.06 Km) Masjid Taneem (0.22 Km) Great Mosque of Mecca - Masjid al-Haram (0.29 Km) Abraj Al-Bait Towers (0.35 Km) Raffles Spa; Voir toutes les attractions près de Kaaba sur Tripadvisor 'Cloth') is changed. A picture of 'Isa and his mother Maryam was situated inside the Kaaba and later found by Muhammad after his conquest of Mecca. [8] There were paintings of idols decorating the walls. Kaaba (Larabci ٱلْـكَـعْـبَـة‎ Ka'abah) ana kuma kiran ta da al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (Larabci ٱلْـكَـعْـبَـة الْـمُـشَـرًّفَـة‎ Daki mai tsarki), wani ginannen daki ne a birnin Makka na kasar Saudiyya mai matukar tsarki a tsakani Misulmai. En réalité, selon un hadit (2) de Mahomet, cette pierre aurait été apportée directement du paradis "plus blanche que le … [53], At the culmination of his mission,[54] in 630 CE, after the allies of the Quraysh, the Banu Bakr, violated the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, Muhammad conquered Mecca. Poids : environ 700 kg, dont 670 kg de soie, 120 kg d’or et 50 kg d’argent pour les transcriptions qui la décorent. "[40] In Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam, Patricia Crone argues that the identification of Macoraba with Mecca is false and that Macoraba was a town in southern Arabia in what was then known as Arabia Felix. ; Kaʿba. Grunebaum in Classical Islam points out that the experience of divinity of that period was often associated with the fetishism of stones, mountains, special rock formations, or "trees of strange growth. Then he saw the picture of Maryam, so he put his hands on it and he said: "Erase what is in it [the Kaaba] in the way of pictures except the picture of Maryam. 'The Cube', Arabic pronunciation: [kaʕ.bah]), also spelled Ka'bah or Kabah, sometimes referred to as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (Arabic: ٱلْكَعْبَة ٱلْمُشَرَّفَة‎, romanized: al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah, lit. 'Cleaning of the Sacred Cube'). [13] The others also allegedly had counterparts of the Black Stone. [Quran 2:143–144] The direction faced during prayer is the direction of where the Kaaba is, relative to the person praying. J'ai entendu certaines personnes dirent que Adam ( paix sur lui ) aurait construit la Kaaba. Muslims initially considered Jerusalem as their qibla, or prayer direction, and faced toward it while offering prayers; however, pilgrimage to the Kaaba was considered a religious duty though its rites were not yet finalized. Muslims orient themselves toward this shrine during the five daily prayers, bury their dead facing its meridian, and cherish the ambition of visiting it on pilgrimage, or hajj, in accord with the command set out in the Qurʾān. The section covering the geography starts with a speculation about the origin of the Muslim sanctuary in Arabia: "Regarding the K'bta (Kaaba) of Abraham, we have been unable to discover what it is except that, because the blessed Abraham grew rich in property and wanted to get away from the envy of the Canaanites, he chose to live in the distant and spacious parts of the desert. Muhammad took part in the reconstruction of the Kaaba after its structure was damaged due to floods around 600 CE. In 930 the Black Stone itself was carried away by an extreme Shiʿi sect known as the Qarmatians and held almost 20 years for ransom. Tawaf begins from the corner of the Kaaba with the Black Stone. The Kaaba functions as the qibla, or the direction in which Muslims pray towards 5 five times a day. The early history of the Kaaba is not well known, but it is certain that in the period before the rise of Islam it was a polytheist sanctuary and was a site of pilgrimage for people throughout the Arabian Peninsula. Each numbered item in the following list corresponds to features noted in the diagram image. The idol was made of red agate and shaped like a human, but with the right hand broken off and replaced with a golden hand. The exact sense is ambiguous, but many Muslims have interpreted the phrase to mean that they rebuilt a shrine first erected by Adam of which only the foundations still existed. Both the roof and ceiling (collectively dual-layered) are made of stainless steel-capped teak wood. [64][65] Inside the Kaaba, the floor is made of marble and limestone. Usually, the entire process is completed in two hours. [74][75] and Bayt Allah al-Haram (Arabic: بيت الله الحرام‎, romanized: Bayt Allah il-Haram, lit. Several idols were placed within the Kaaba representing deities of different aspects of nature and different tribes. Or, le verset 2-127, dit que c'est Ibrahim sws et son fils ismail sws. [43] Edward Gibbon believed that this was the Kaaba. [11] A king named Tubba' is considered the first one to have a door be built for the Kaaba according to sayings recorded in Al-Azraqi's Akhbar Makka. Sur environ un km2. According to Ishaq's biography, Muhammad's solution was to have all the clan elders raise the cornerstone on a cloak, after which Muhammad set the stone into its final place with his own hands. A l’intérieur de la Kaaba, qui se trouve au centre la grande mosquée de la Mecque, trois piliers soutiennent le plafond. Behold! La Kalima al Tawhid que l’on peut croiser presque partout, insiste sur l’identité islamique de l’Etat ; les noms d’Abu Bakr, Omar, Othman et Ali que l’on peut voir sur le voile de la Kaaba, sur le portique du Masjid Al Haram, etc. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Kaʿbah, shrine in the Great Mosque, Mecca. Crone argues that if Mecca had been a well-known center of trade, it would have been mentioned by later authors such as Procopius, Nonnosus, or the Syrian church chroniclers writing in Syriac. Undefined decorations, money and a pair of ram's horns were recorded to be inside the Kaaba,. In the Qur'an, the Ka'bah is also mentioned by the following names: The masjid surrounding the Kaaba is called al-Masjid al-Haram ("The Sacred Mosque"). [5], The literal meaning of the word Ka'bah (Arabic: كعبة‎) is cube.[6]. "[21] The Asatir book was likely compiled in the 10th century CE,[22] though Moses Gaster suggested in 1927 that it was written no later than the second half of the 3rd century BCE. Il est bon pour un musulman de connaître un minimum sur histoire de la Maison Sacrée, la Kaâba.Et ceci peut être compté comme un précepte de glorification des injonctions sacrées d’Allah.. Allah dit : « Et quiconque exalte les injonctions sacrées d’Allah, s’inspire en effet de la piété des cœurs. It took its present name from what it had been, since the memory of the place was preserved with the generations of their race. [1] It is the most sacred site in Islam. Muhammad asked his hearers not to embrace something new but to…, …place for Muslims is the Kaʿbah sanctuary at Mecca, the object of the annual pilgrimage. [56][55][57], Narrated Abdullah: When the Prophet entered Mecca on the day of the conquest, there were 360 idols around the Kaaba. Kaaba during hajj. Die Kaäba of Ka'aba (Arabies: الكعبة) is ’n vierkantige geboutjie op die binneplein van die Groot Moskee in Mekka, Saoedi-Arabië, wat deur Moslems beskou word as die heiligste plek op aarde.. Three pillars (some erroneously report two) stand inside the Kaaba, with a small altar or table set between one and the other two. The Kaaba with the signature minarets. The Kaaba and the Mataaf are surrounded by pilgrims every day of the Islamic year, except the 9th of Dhu al-Hijjah, known as the Day of Arafah, on which the cloth covering the structure, known as the Kiswah (Arabic: كسوة‎, romanized: Kiswah, lit. Along the top corners of the walls runs a Black cloth embroidered with gold Qur'anic verses. [20] Again, Crone disputes this etymology. Cette page dresse une liste des personnes inhumées dans la basilique Saint-Denis, nécropole royale des rois de France depuis Dagobert I er Les Mérovingiens. [9] However, by the time of Muhammad's era, it seems that the Kaaba was venerated as the shrine of Allah, the High God. Description : Le tiers supérieur du tissu est le « hazam » qui signifie la ceinture. 1 en parlent. The town is absent, however, from any known geographies or histories written in the three centuries before the rise of Islam. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In Samaritan literature, the Samaritan Book of the Secrets of Moses (Asatir) claims that Ishmael and his eldest son Nebaioth built the Kaaba as well as the city of Mecca. Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasūl Allāh, one of the biographies of Muhammad (as reconstructed and translated by Guillaume), describes Muhammad settling a quarrel between the Meccan clans as to which clan should set the Black Stone in its place. Circling the Kaaba seven times counterclockwise, known as Tawaf (Arabic: طواف‎, romanized: tawaaf), is an obligatory rite for the completion of the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages. Les parois des murs sont quant à elles tapissées d’un ensemble de pièces de tissus de … [8] The pair of ram's horns were said to have belonged to the ram sacrificed by Ibrahim in place of his son Ishmael as held by Islamic tradition. Ce premier temple de l’univers selon Coran et même l’épicentre du monde selon des sources islamiques, est aussi sacré que mystérieux. Dimensions : Elle mesure 14 x47m, couvrant une surface de 658 m². [38], Writing in the Encyclopedia of Islam, Wensinck identifies Mecca with a place called Macoraba mentioned by Ptolemy. A Mosque in the area of Medina, possibly: This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 22:29. The wall directly adjacent to the entrance of the Kaaba has six tablets inlaid with inscriptions, and there are several more tablets along the other walls. [Quran 22:26–33], According to Islamic tradition, over the millennia after Ishmael's death, his progeny and the local tribes who settled around the Zamzam well gradually turned to polytheism and idolatry. The Kaaba was bombarded with stones in the second siege of Mecca in 692, in which the Umayyad army was led by al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf. Merci, salam, bonne soirée Die struktuur self is bedek met ’n swart behangsel wat met goud versier is. [58] He performed the Hajj in 632 CE called the Hujjat ul-Wada' ("Farewell Pilgrimage") since Muhammad prophesied his impending death on this event.[59]. Hajj pilgrims are generally advised to "make ṭawāf" at least twice – once as part of the Hajj, and again before leaving Mecca.[79]. C'est pourquoi il y a de la place. Legend has it that the stone was originally white but has become black by absorbing the sins of the countless thousands of pilgrims who have kissed and touched it.