File:Le Grand Palais depuis le pont Alexandre III à Paris.jpg. [33][35], Apart from being the setting of these important ceremonies, the hall houses the Phra Siam Devadhiraj figure. [122], The Inner Court was governed by a series of laws known as the Palace Laws (กฎมนเทียรบาล, Kot Monthien Ban; literally 'Palace Maintenance Law'). Now the hall is only used as a ceremonial venue. En août 1944, la nef est bombardée et un incendie se déclare, sans grandes conséquences, dans une partie de l'édifice ; les pompiers sont toutefois gênés dans leur travail par le sauvetage des animaux d'un cirque qui a élu domicile sous la grande verrière. L'alerte est donnée en juin 1993 après le détachement d'un élément de rivetage depuis une hauteur de près de trente-cinq mètres lors d'une exposition consacrée au design. The king will crown himself, then be ceremonially presented with the objects of the regalia by the Royal Brahmins. On the morning of 9 June 1946 the palace bore witness to his mysterious and unexplained death by gunshot. Le « Grand Palais des Beaux-Arts » est édifié à Paris à partir de 1897, pour l'exposition universelle prévue du 15 avril au 12 novembre 1900[1], en lieu et place du vaste mais inconfortable Palais de l'Industrie de 1855. En cours de construction, ces imprévus sont d'autant plus graves qu'il n'est pas question de repousser la date de livraison du Grand Palais. The lower part of the exterior walls are made of plastered brick. [11][16], In accordance with tradition, the palace was initially referred to only as the Phra Ratcha Wang Luang (พระราชวังหลวง) or 'Royal Palace', similar to the old palace in Ayutthaya. [90][91], The Ho Plueang Khrueang (ศาลาเปลื้องเครื่อง) is a closed pavilion, situated on the western wall of the Maha Prasat group. For other uses, see, Official residence of the King of Thailand since 1782, Ho Suralai Phiman and Ho Phra That Monthien, Pavilion of Regalia, Royal Decorations and Coins, 1st Infantry Regiment, King's Own Bodyguards, King Rama IX's 60th Anniversary on the Throne, "พระที่นั่งบรมราชสถิตยมโหฬาร : ปราสาท เรือนฐานันดรสูงในรัชกาลปัจจุบัน (Thai)", "Borophiman Mansion and Siwalai Garden Group", "Boromphiman Monthian and the group of Edifices in the Siwalai Garden", "Pavilions on the wall of the Grand Palace", Chaloem La 56 Bridge (Elephant's Heads Bridge), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grand_Palace&oldid=990810314, Buildings and structures completed in the 19th century, Unregistered ancient monuments in Bangkok, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 16:55. Son coût de 466 millions d'euros doit être financé en partie par un emprunt et par le mécénat de Chanel[32]. Terug naar Réunion des musées nationaux et du Grand Palais des Champs-Élysées. The middle section is in the shape of a bell; however the roundness has been flattened to create a four sided shape. The famed Emerald Buddha is kept within the grounds of the temple. La mer, les bateaux sont les motifs récurrents dans ses compositions comme le montre Le Bord de mer à Honfleur de 1864. The present pavilion measures 12 by 7.80 metres (39.4 ft × 25.6 ft). Grand Palais, "Great Palace" in English, is a glass and Art-Nouveau ironwork building located in the 8th arondissement of París. Each royal lady had a separate establishment, the size of which was in proportion to her rank and status in accordance with palace law. [83][84], To the eastern transept is the Mother-of-Pearl Bed (พระแท่นบรรทมประดับมุก) which was made to match the Mother-of-Pearl Throne. Les salons artistiques perdurent encore un moment avant de voir leur espace d'exposition diminuer comme peau de chagrin et d'être relégués dans des endroits moins nobles et moins visibles du Grand Palais. It is situated on the banks of the Chao Phraya River at the heart of the Rattanakosin Island, today in the Phra Nakhon District. Durant l'été 2024, le Grand Palais accueillera les compétitions d'escrime et de taekwondo dans le cadre des Jeux olympiques d'été. L’intérêt pour la retranscription de la lumière est très présente dans le Déjeuner sur l’herbe de 1865. This buildings complex was named the Phra Abhinaowas Niwet (พระอภิเนาว์นิเวศน์; RTGS: Phra Aphinao Niwet). La création de l'établissement public du Grand Palais, en 2007, a permis de rationaliser les espaces. Both the Grand Palais and the bridge were built in the early 20th century to … Built on a raised platform, the one-story hall was used as a robing chamber for the king when arriving and departing the palace either by palanquin or by elephant. [54] King Rama VI occasionally stayed in the palace; however he preferred his other residences in the country. Thus the new throne hall was given the name Phra Thinang Chakri, meaning literally 'the seat of the Chakris'. The small rectangular pavilion was built on the top of the wall of the palace. Une plaque de l'un des frontons d'angle porte encore, gravé dans la pierre, le témoignage de l'événement. Running around the outside of the ubosot is an open pillared gallery. La première partie de la rétrospective, Monet nous délivre un carnet de voyage complet au gré de ses envies et rempli d’émotion intérieure, la lumière occupe la plus grande place, c’est elle qui donne une tonalité chaleureuse. Cette exposition attire 2 millions de visiteurs et conquiert ainsi le droit de rester dans le Grand Palais à partir de 1940. Within these walls are buildings and structures for diverse purposes and of differing styles, reflecting the changing architecture during the various reigns of the kings. [117] Misbehaviour or indiscretion on behalf of the wives was punishable by death, for the women and the man. Il faut noter la différence entre le palais et le château. There were two waiting orchestras, one on the inside made of women and one on the outside of men, who would then carry out the official proclamation with conch shell fanfares. The garden has been in its present form, since King Rama V, and contains both royal residences and religious buildings. This throne is used during the main part of the coronation ceremony, where the King is presented with the various objects, which make up the Royal Regalia. [99][106] King Rama IX later refurbished the palace and added an extra wing extending south. La surface au sol atteint une superficie de 13 500 m2. Het Musée des Beaux-Arts de la Ville de Paris is sinds 1902 gevestigd in Petit Palais.. The Outer Court is in the northwestern part of the Grand Palace; within are the royal offices and (formerly) state ministries. The previous royal residence was the Derm Palace, constructed for King Taksin in 1768. L’exposition se termine par la série mondialement connue des Nymphéas, à Giverny, là où Monet finira ses jours, un havre de paix selon ses dires. The latter act was done by the king himself, the hair is later thrown into the Chao Phraya river as an offering. L'établissement d'un programme est rédigé et l'organisation d'un concours d'idées entre architectes est décidée par arrêté du 22 avril 1896. However, during the reign of King Mongkut (Rama IV) the name Phra Boromma Maha Ratcha Wang or 'Grand Palace' was first used in official documents. "Monument consecrated by the Republic for the glory of the French Arts" as written on its walls, its original purpose was to collect the greatest artistic works from the French capital. The front gables of the building have Renaissance style plaster moulding. [128], Situated on the south eastern wall of the Grand Palace is the Phra Thinang Suthaisawan Prasat (พระที่นั่งสุทไธสวรรยปราสาท); the hall sits between the Deva Phitak and Sakdi Chaisit Gates on the eastern wall. Les travaux se sont déroulés en deux phases : Le budget de ce chantier a atteint 101,36 millions d'euros (dont 72,3 pour la première phase). The long rectangular hall is decorated in rich murals depicting scenes from Buddhist and Hindu mythology. Throughout the years several structures were built and demolished by various kings. Grand Palais is een museum in Parijs in Frankrijk. [14][15], During the reign of King Phutthaloetla Naphalai (Rama II), the area of the Grand Palace was expanded southwards up to the walls of Wat Pho. De Opéra Garnier is in 1861 ontworpen door de architect Charles Garnier in opdracht van Napoleon III.Het gebouw zou worden geopend in 1871, maar als gevolg van de Frans-Duitse Oorlog werd de opening uitgesteld tot 5 januari 1875. During the reign of King Rama IX many of the buildings once more became so dilapidated that they needed to be demolished altogether. Only the Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall is open to the public. The ancient throne hall was once located at the old palace in Ayutthaya, which had been destroyed 15 years earlier. It is used during the first part of the Coronation ceremony, where the king is anointed with holy water, just prior to the crowning ceremony; all Chakri kings have gone through this ancient ritual. Monet s’attache à la représentation du mouvement dans la lumière qui filtre à travers le feuillage. Every detail of the birth of the royal child was recorded, including the time of birth, which was to be used later by court astrologers to cast his or her horoscope. [6][10] Both palaces featured a proximity to the river. Sont ainsi présentées en 1966, une rétrospective du peintre Pablo Picasso et une importante présentation d’art africain. There are 12 gates in the outer walls. Currently the hall is set out as a small banqueting and reception venue. King Rama VII stayed at the palace for a few nights before his coronation in 1925, while King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII) made the palace his main place of residence upon his return to Thailand from Switzerland in December 1945. The lower section, which is the base, is formed of seven superimposed layers, each layer representing a level of heaven in accordance with the Traiphum Buddhist cosmology. Réunion des musées nationaux et du Grand Palais des Champs-Élysées is beschikbaar in 5 andere talen. He later gave the palace its present name. Le retour sur investissement est substantiel 21 % pour quatre mois d’expositions. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. He moved the seat of power from the city of Thonburi, on the west side of the Chao Phraya River, to the east side at Bangkok. Face aux pressions d'investisseurs privés fortement intéressés par un tel emplacement en plein cœur de paris, le bâtiment fut protégé au titre des monuments historiques en 2000[27] à l'occasion du centenaire de l'Exposition universelle de 1900, ce qui garantit sa pérennité, puis il fut ensuite trouvé un mode de gestion permettant de sécuriser les financements nécessaires[28]. For this reason a special set of palace laws were created to govern the inhabitants and to establish hierarchy and order. The bricks were ferried down the Chao Phraya by barges, where they were eventually incorporated into the walls of Bangkok and the Grand Palace itself. By this time the inhabitants of the court had dwindled to only a few and finally disappeared within a few decades afterwards. The eight columns are inlaid with glass mosaic. The revolution replaced the absolute monarchy of the Chakri monarchs with a constitutional monarchy with Siam's first constitution. Depuis janvier 2011, l'établissement public du Grand Palais des Champs-Élysées a fusionné avec la Réunion des musées nationaux. The pediment is decorated with a mural depicting the god Indra. The building formed a single axis from north to south, with the public throne hall to the front and residential halls behind. [102][104], Even though the architectural style and exterior decoration of the building is entirely Western, the interior decorations is entirely Thai. [75][76], Initially after the construction of the Grand Palace, King Rama I ordered that on this location a copy of the Phra Thinang Sanphet Maha Prasat (พระที่นั่งสรรเพชญมหาปราสาท) should be built. This title was given in order to distinguish the palace from the Second King's palace (the Front Palace), which was described as the Phra Bovorn Ratcha Wang (พระบวรราชวัง) or the 'glorious' (บวร; Bovorn) palace. Construction was begun in 1897, for the Paris Exhibition of 1891. On y trouve ainsi des représentations des grandes civilisations de l'Histoire telles que perçues à la fin du XIXe siècle, dont l'Égypte, la Mésopotamie, la Rome d'Auguste à la Grèce du siècle de Périclès, la Renaissance italienne et française au Moyen Âge, l'Europe industrieuse à celle des arts classique et baroque. Le poids total de métal utilisé atteint 9 057 tonnes (contre 12 000 pour la gare d'Orsay et 7 300 pour la structure de la tour Eiffel)[3]. [74][82], The interior walls of the throne hall are painted with a lotus bud design arranged in a geometric pattern. Le 13 juillet 2008, 43 chefs d'État se sont réunis sous la grande nef à l'occasion du sommet de l'Union pour la Méditerranée. Ever since then no coronations were held inside the hall. It is divided into several quarters: the Temple of the Emerald Buddha; the Outer Court, with many public buildings; the Middle Court, including the Phra Maha Monthien Buildings, the Phra Maha Prasat Buildings and the Chakri Maha Prasat Buildings; the Inner Court and the Siwalai Gardens quarter. By the reign of King Rama IX the building was so run down that the king ordered it to be demolished. Le ministre de la Culture d'alors, Jacques Toubon, prend la décision de fermer « provisoirement » le lieu en novembre de la même année en raison du danger que représente la chute de nouveaux rivets sur le public. [11][13] To the northeast is the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, the royal chapel, and home of the Emerald Buddha. The spire is supported by swans as opposed to the traditional garudas. The Atthit Utumbhorn Raja Aarn Throne (พระที่นั่งอัฐทิศอุทุมพรราชอาสน์; RTGS: Attathit U-thumphon Ratcha At) or the Octagonal Throne is situated to the eastern part of the hall. More specifically, to the east gallery are Buddhist Images and other religious images, while to the west are reception rooms for State guests and other foreign dignitaries. [108][109], The Phra Thinang Siwalai Maha Prasat (พระที่นั่งศิวาลัยมหาปราสาท) is located on the southern-eastern end of the Siwalai Garden. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 16 décembre 2020 à 04:15. [56][57], Formerly the site hosted eleven different residential halls and pavilions; in 2012 only three are left, although they have been completely reconstructed: The Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall, the Moon Satharn Borom Ard Hall and the Sommuthi Thevaraj Uppabat Hall. Exposition En savoir plus D’Alésia à Rome, l’aventure archéologique de Napoléon III. « Monument consacré par la République à la gloire de l’art français », comme l'indique le fronton de l’aile ouest (Palais d'Antin), sa vocation originelle consiste à accueillir les grandes manifestations artistiques officielles de la capitale. The pavilion was strengthened and given a marble base by King Rama IX in 1963. Les petites touches de lumières sont le réel sujet. The king's sons were permitted to live inside until they reached puberty; after their tonsure ceremonies they were sent outside the palace for further education. The Thai roofs are decorated with the same green and orange titles as the other throne halls, in order for the new building to blend in harmoniously to the existing skyline. The religious building is a shrine to a Buddha image called the Phra Buddha Butsayarat Chakraphat Pimlom Maneemai (พระพุทธบุษยรัตน์จักรพรรดิพิมลมณีมัย; RTGS: Phra Phuttha Butsayarat Chakkraphat Phimon Manimai) which was brought from Champasak in Laos. The throne was built during the reign of King Rama IV, in order for the palace women to attend important ceremonies through the window but behind a screen, separating them from men arriving from the outside. The pavilion was built by King Rama IV as a robing pavilion for the king to change his regalia when entering the Maha Prasat premises. Il faut tempérer ce ratio et ne pas oublier qu’une telle exposition représente plusieurs mois voire plusieurs années d’organisation[4]. [38] The king spent many nights here near the end of his life and died here in 1925. [3][4], The new palace was built on a rectangular piece of land on the very west side of the island, between Wat Pho to the south, Wat Mahathat to the north and with the Chao Phraya River on the west. Six années, d'abord, pendant lesquelles le ministère de la Culture et la mairie de Paris sont incapables de se mettre d'accord sur la répartition des responsabilités pour sauver le Grand Palais, qui continue donc à se dégrader. King Rama IV expanded the residence and gave it to his consort Queen Debsirindra. These are reserved for members of the Royal Family and royal consorts from the Inner Court. Each of these outer gates were given rhyming names, starting from the north west in a clockwise direction around. Cet axe, qui perdurera au-delà des festivités de 1900, constitue encore aujourd'hui la dernière réalisation d'envergure dans l'urbanisme parisien. En prenant son indépendance, cette exposition prend le nom de « Salon de l'Aéronautique » puis celui de « Salon de l'Industrie aéronautique » avant de partir pour l'aérogare du Bourget. [120] The three main building groups in the Middle Court are built so that the residential halls of each are situated to the south and straddled the boundary between the Middle and Inner Court. Fractionné en dix panneaux symbolisant l'art à différentes époques, cet ouvrage mesure soixante-quatorze mètres de long (273 m2) et du fait de sa grande hauteur, il est souvent peu connu. The throne is made up of multi-layered squared platforms with a seat in the middle. [42] Hence the elephant-mounting platform to the west and a palanquin-mounting platform to the north. The final and ninth tier represents the central direction descending into the earth. Seuls et après de nécessaires travaux de sécurité, les Galeries nationales et le Palais de la Découverte sont à nouveau disponibles. Surrounding them are lesser functional halls and pavilion for used by the king and his court. Surface remplacée : 13 500 m2 carrés pour la grande nef (16 000 m2 avec les verrières latérales). The forts were also given rhyming names. The pediments are decorated with a gilded figures of Narayana on a garuda against a white mosaic background. The bottom layer, according to Thai beliefs resembles a lion's foot, the lion is a symbol of the Buddha's family and alludes to the Buddha's own royal heritage. La répétition du motif n’est qu’un prétexte pour le peintre, l’objet représenté importe bien moins que l’évolution du sujet au cours des heures. [53] The whole of the Chakri Maha Prasat group was the work of King Rama V and foreign architects in the 19th century. This group of palaces is situated at the centre, between the Maha Montein and Maha Prasat groups. [58] Many of the European-made chandeliers inside the Hall initially belonged to Chao Phraya Si Suriyawongse; however they proved too big for his own residence and he eventually gave them to King Chulalongkron as gifts. The lower floor or ground floor is reserved for servants and the Royal Guards. A building was constructed on the present location in 1857 during the reign of King Rama IV as the Royal Mint (โรงกษาปณ์สิทธิการ, Rong Kasarp Sitthikarn; RTGS: Rong Kasap Sitthikan). [97][129] It was first built by King Rama I in imitation of the "Phra Thinang Chakrawat Phaichayont" (พระที่นั่งจักรวรรดิ์ไพชยนต์; RTGS: Phra Thi Nang Chakkrawat Phaichayon) on the walls of the Royal Palace in Ayutthaya. La communication entre la grande nef et les autres parties du palais (salon d'honneur, aile centrale et palais d'Antin) se fait par un ample escalier de fer d'inspiration classique teintée d'Art nouveau. Il témoigne de ce moment des grandes structures transparentes, héritières du Crystal Palace de Londres conçu par Joseph Paxton en 1851, où l'apport en lumière naturelle est encore indispensable à tout grand rassemblement humain. À partir de 1901, d'autres Salons se succèdent. [25][28], The Phra Thinang Amarin Winitchai Mahaisuraya Phiman (พระที่นั่งอมรินทรวินิจฉัยมไหสูรยพิมาน) or, in brief, the Phra Thinang Amarin Winitchai (พระที่นั่งอมรินทรวินิจฉัย) is the northernmost and forward building of the Maha Monthien buildings, It is also perhaps the most important. These buildings were built in a combination of Thai and Western styles; the principal building of the Phra Abhinaowas Niwet group was the Phra Thinang Ananta Samakhom; this European style grand audience chamber was used by the king to receive various foreign missions. Bekijk op kaart +33 1 44 13 17 30. Le financement a été assuré grâce à l'État par l'intermédiaire du ministère de la Culture. Des remblaiements ou injections de matériaux de natures diverses ont commencé très tôt et se sont poursuivis à différentes périodes de la vie du monument pour combler les vides entre le niveau bas de l'édifice et celui du sol continuant à s'affaisser. Avant travaux - Le Grand Palais invite Boris Charmatz . The traditional Thai style building group is enclosed by a low wall, as this was once the residential and sleeping abode of kings. The king, his court, and his royal government were based on the grounds of the palace until 1925. This elevated pavilion represents Mount Meru, the centre of Buddhist and Hindu cosmology. The pavilion was also used for a time as the main shrine of the Phra Siam Thevathiraj figure, before it was moved to its current shrine in the Phaisan Thaksin Hall. Each minor wife or consort (เจ้าจอม; Chao Chom) had a fairly large household; this would increase significantly if she gave birth to the king's child, as she would be elevated to the rank of consort mother (เจ้าจอมมารดา; Chao Chom Manda). Il s'agit de l'entreprise. After the death of King Rama IV the ashes was moved back to the Ho Phra That Monthien Buddha Image Hall, currently the pavilion houses several Buddha images. [132] These included certain architectural elements, which were removed from various buildings within the Grand Palace during different renovations, as well as were the stone Buddha images and Chinese statues. In 1878 the King personally supervised the raising of the final central spire of the building. [45][46], The southwest structure is the Phra Thinang Sanam Chan (พระที่นั่งสนามจันทร์). [44] The pavilion was constructed for use especially during the birthday celebrations of the king. [58][59], After a trip to Singapore and Java, in the East Indies (present day Indonesia) in 1875, King Rama V brought back with him two Englishmen, the architect John Clunich and his helper Henry C. Rose to design and construct the Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall. [77][81], The pediments are decorated with the figure of Narayana riding on the back of a garuda, this figure symbolizes kingship and the king's association with the Hindu deity. The pavilion has a mondop-style roof and a gilded spire, decorated in glass mosaic. Il constitue aujourd'hui une véritable institution dont la popularité ne s'est jamais démentie. [32][36], When the Chakraphat Phiman Hall was first built it was entirely roofed with palm leaves; later these were replaced with ceramic tiles, then with glazed tiles during the reign of King Rama V. There is a tradition that no uncrowned kings are allowed to sleep within this hall. These guards were described by Prince Chula Chakrabongse as "tough looking amazons". Longeant l'avenue des Champs-Élysées, cette imposante construction est, de plus, aperçue de biais. These giant umbrellas usually deposited above important royal thrones, and out of the seven of which are currently in Bangkok, six of these umbrellas are situated within the vicinity of the Grand Palace and another is situated above the throne within the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall of the Dusit Palace. [8] After the final completion of the ceremonial halls of the palace, the king held a full traditional coronation ceremony in 1785. [66][67], Inside the main hall (throne room), situated at the very centre of the Chakri Maha Prasat Hall, is the Bhudthan Thom Throne (พระที่นั่งพุดตานถม; RTGS: Phuttan Thom), a chair on a raised platform. Le 12 février 2018, la ministre de la Culture Françoise Nyssen annonce la fermeture à venir du Grand Palais, de décembre 2020 au printemps 2023, afin de procéder à une rénovation de plus grande ampleur avant 2024, date à laquelle doivent y avoir lieu les épreuves d'escrime des Jeux olympiques de 2024. Rather than being a single structure, the Grand Palace is made up of numerous buildings, halls, pavilions set around open lawns, gardens and courtyards. [19], The Outer Court or Khet Phra Racha Than Chan Nork (เขตพระราชฐานชั้นนอก) of the Grand Palace is situated to the northwest of the palace (the northeast being occupied by the Temple of the Emerald Buddha). [59][61], The throne was constructed as part of a building group in a rotated 'H' shape plan, with two parallel buildings running on an east to west axis. [2] Having seized the crown from King Taksin of Thonburi, King Rama I was intent on building a capital city for his new Chakri Dynasty. The hall also provided a venue for the investiture ceremonies where individuals are awarded with State orders and decorations by a member of the royal family. Throughout successive reigns, many new buildings and structures were added, especially during the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V). «Réouverture de la nef du Grand Palais» (PDF) (en francès). [3][9], The layout of the Grand Palace followed that of the Royal Palace at Ayutthaya in location, organization, and in the divisions of separate courts, walls, gates and forts. [92], The miniature model of Mount Kailasa (เขาไกรลาสจำลอง; RTGS: Khao Krailat Chamlong), the mythical abode of Shiva, was built during the reign of King Rama IV. Aménager et exploiter des espaces rénovés et accueillir le public dans de meilleures conditions. Une porte mure alors le passage entre le grand escalier d'honneur et le palais d'Antin, en rupture avec le schéma de circulation est/ouest originel. Monet nous délivre une vision intimiste en cherchant des atmosphères et des visages connus. Frankrijk. This expansion increased the area of the palace from 213,674 square metres (2,299,970 sq ft) to 218,400 square metres (2,351,000 sq ft). [102][105], After his accession to the throne, King Rama VI occasionally stayed at the palace. Cependant, l'exercice ne se réduit pas à un jeu de correspondances binaires. La verdure et le motif des nénuphars appellent à la contemplation et à la sérénité. Grand Palais. The Sala Luk Khun Nai (ศาลาลูกขุนใน) is an office building housing various departments of the Royal Household. En savoir plus Noir & Blanc : a photographic aesthetic Collection of the Bibliothèque nationale de France . Jusqu'à la création de l'établissement public du Grand Palais, plusieurs institutions et services s'installent au cœur du Grand Palais : Une scène du film Camille Claudel (1988) y est tournée. Son intérêt se porte sur les effets de lumière qui changent suivant les heures et les saisons. In their stead new halls were constructed in 2004 to replace them. [11][14][131], The Museum of the Emerald Buddha Temple (พิพิธภัณฑ์วัดพระศรีรัตนศาสดาราม), despite its name, is the main artefacts repository of both the Grand Palace and Temple of the Emerald Buddha complex. The middle section of the residential hall (out of the three), is a reception room while the other two sections, to the east and west, are divided into the personal apartments of the king. As girls they would be assigned certain duties as pages; as they grew older and became wives and mothers they would have a household to look after. Avec l’exposition « Picasso et les maîtres », des records ont été atteints. Against the walls on either side of the hall are four different Buddha images of Javanese style; they were purchased by King Rama V. The room to the right of the Manangsila Throne displays the various seasonal robes of the Emerald Buddha. New walls, forts, and gates were constructed to accommodate the enlarged compound. These gates are all painted in white, with gigantic red doors. [2][5] Over the next few years the king began replacing wooden structures with masonry, rebuilding the walls, forts, gates, throne halls and royal residences. Chaque section est désignée par un titre ou une période. Es stellt mit dem gegenüberliegenden Petit Palais und der benachbarten Pont Alexandre III ein bedeutendes Architekturensemble der Belle Époque dar. It was from this throne that King Rama II received John Crawfurd (the first British Envoy to Siam in almost 200 years) in 1821. These include: the Great Crown of Victory, the Sword of Victory, the Royal Staff, the Royal Flywisk, the Royal Fan and the Royal Slippers. The inner platform is decorated with black lacquer and glass mosaic. Originally King Rama IV had a two-story, European-style building constructed. Cela provoque un vieillissement prématuré de plusieurs éléments métalliques.