Philippe V ( espagnol: Felipe V, français: Philippe; 19 décembre 1683 - 9 juillet 1746) fut roi d'Espagne du 1er novembre 1700 à son abdication en faveur de son fils Louis le 14 janvier 1724, et de sa réaccession au trône sur la mort de son fils, le 6 septembre 1724 jusqu'à sa propre mort le 9 juillet 1746.. Avant son règne, Philippe … Il est roi d’Espagne depuis le 19 juin 2014. [12] The economy, on the whole, improved over the previous half-century, with greater productivity, and fewer famines and epidemics. Définitions de Philippe V d'Espagne, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Philippe V d'Espagne, dictionnaire analogique de Philippe V d'Espagne (français) [11] Beginning in August 1737 his affliction was eased by the castrato singer Farinelli, who, became the "Musico de Camara of Their Majesties." Rompant avec le système précédemment mis en place par la Maison d'Autriche et influencée par le modèle de Louis XIV, l’Etat absolutiste et centralisateur, la politique intérieure de Philippe V comporta de nombreuses réformes administratives, … One theory suggests that Philip V, who exhibited many elements of mental instability during his reign, did not wish to reign due to his increasing mental decline. Prince Eugene of Savoy and the Duke of Marlborough distinguished themselves as military commanders in the Low Countries. Le règne de Philippe V débute néanmoins dès 1701 sous la tutelle de la France, un règne qui dans l’historiographie pose de nombreux débats notamment sur la question de l’importance de l’influence française sur le Roi, de l’emprise des deux femmes sur ce dernier et surtout la question de l’absolutisme espagnol. "The memory of the Habsburg Monarchy in early eighteenth-century Spain. Philippe VI d'Espagne (né le 30 janvier 1968) est un monarque espagnol. Yale University Press, 2001. [10], Philip was afflicted by fits of manic depression and increasingly fell victim to a deep melancholia. Le roi de France brigue une couronne pour ce prince d'un naturel effacé ; l'occasion lui en est fournie par la mort sans héritier du dernier Habsbourg d'Espagne, Charles II. Sa sœur Marie-Adélaïde est mariée au duc Louis de Bourgogne, le frère aîné de Philippe V. https://fr.vikidia.org/w/index.php?title=Philippe_V_d%27Espagne&oldid=1461731, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0, Marie-Anne Victoire (1718-1781) ; d'abord fiancée au roi, Marie-Thérèse (1726-1746), mariée au dauphin. Avilés, José de Avilés, Marquis of (1780). Ce prince de dix-sept ans fut brutalement transplanté dans un pays inconnu, après la mort du dernier roi de la dynastie fondée par Charles Quint, lequel le reconnut comme … Philip V frequently benefited the corsair in his commercial incursions and corsairs: he granted a Royal order given at the Royal Palace of El Pardo in Madrid in September 1714, in which he appointed him captain of a commercial ship bound for Caracas. in, Storrs, Christopher. "The Age of Louis XIV", p. 699. Philip was born on May 21 1527, in Valladolid, Valladolid, Castille and Leon, Spain. Par Vikidia, l’encyclopédie pour les jeunes, qui explique aux enfants et à ceux qui veulent une présentation simple d'un sujet. On entering Naples that year he was presented with Bernini's Boy with a Dragon by Carlo Barberini. Tout sur PHILIPPE V D'ESPAGNE : sa tombe, des infos sur sa vie, des photos de Philippe V d'Espagne, des vidéos, des citations, la biographie de Philippe V d'Espagne... Participez à l'amélioration des infos sur Philippe V d'Espagne et discutez avec d'autres passionnés et contributeurs autours de + de 10 000 … Your search for 'philipp V, Spain' matched 57 lots from auctions added in the last six months. [3] Upon any possible refusal, the crown of Spain would be offered next to Philip's younger brother, the Duke of Berry, then to the Archduke Charles of Austria, later Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. Philippe V (roi d'Espagne) Modern; Classic; Sans Serif. It also removed the Spanish Netherlands and Spanish-controlled Italy from the Spanish monarchy. Espagne : Philippe III • Philippe IV • Charles II • Philippe V When a conflict came up between the interests of Spain and France, he usually favored France. Philippe III D'Espagne was born on month day 1578, at birth place, to Philip II "the Prudent" of Spain and Anne of Spain (born d'Autriche). To search our full database of over 5 million records, please subscribe to CoinArchives Pro. [citation needed], The actions of Louis XIV heightened the fears of the English, the Dutch and the Austrians, among others. Philip V (Spanish: Felipe; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 14 January 1724, and again from 6 September 1724 to his death in 1746. Angleterre : Charles Ier • Olivier Cromwell • Charles II • Jacques II • Guillaume III et Marie II • Anne d'Angleterre In 1724, Philip abdicated in favor of his eldest son, Louis. Philip was born at the Palace of Versailles[2] in France as the second son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, the heir apparent to the throne of France, and his wife Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria,[3] known as the Dauphine Victoire. Finally, at the end of his reign Spanish forces also successfully defended their American territories from a large British invasion during the War of Jenkins' Ear (1739–1748). [14], To commemorate the indignities the city of Xàtiva suffered after Philip's victory in the Battle of Almansa in the War of the Spanish Succession, in which he ordered the city to be burned and renamed San Felipe, the portrait of the monarch hangs upside down in the local museum of L'Almodí. Farinelli would sing eight or nine arias for the king and queen every night, usually with a trio of musicians. Il est le deuxième fils du dauphin Louis de France, dit le Grand Dauphin (lui-même fils de Louis XIV et de Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche) et de Marie-Anne de Bavière1. The lack of an heir made another continental war of succession a possibility. In 1714, Maria Luisa died at the age of 26 from tuberculosis, a devastating emotional blow to her husband. For other uses, see. [9] A second theory puts the abdication in context of the Bourbon dynasty. Cependant, la couronne espagnole est revendiquée par l'empereur Léopold Ier du Saint-Empire pour son deuxième fils Charles, et ce n'est qu'à l'issue d'une longue guerre que Philippe V est reconnu roi d'Espagne. La vie à Versailles Philippe né un soir de Décembre au Château de Versailles, fils de Louis de France dit « Le Grand Dauphin » … En 1701, Philippe V épouse en premières noces Marie-Louise de Savoie3 (1688-1714), dont il a : Il se remarie en 1714 avec Élisabeth Farnèse (1692-1766), héritière du duché de Parme, dont : Nommé ambassadeur en Espagne de 1721 à 1722, le duc de Saint-Simon décrit le roi d’Espagne dans ses Mémoires : « Le premier coup d'œil, lorsque je fis ma révérence au roi d'Espagne en arrivant (en 1721), m’étonna si fort, que j'eus besoin de rappeler tous mes sens pour m’en remettre. Petit-fils de Louis XIV, Philippe V occupa pendant quarante-six ans (1700-1746) le trône de l'empire d'Espagne, la première puissance de l'Europe d'alors. Philip instigated many important reforms in Spain, most especially the centralization of power of the monarchy and the suppression of regional … Petit-fils de Louis XIV, Philippe V occupa pendant quarante-six ans (1700-1746) le trône de l’empire d’Espagne.Suzanne Varga restitue magistralement la … The Grand Dauphin had the strongest genealogical claim to the Spanish throne held by his maternal uncle, King Charles II. [citation needed], During Philip's reign, Spain began to recover from the stagnation it had suffered during the twilight of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. Philip's accession in Spain provoked the 13-year War of the Spanish Succession, which continued until the Treaty of Utrecht forbade any future possibility of unifying the French and Spanish crowns while confirming his accession to the throne of Spain. At the age of 22, on 24 December 1714, she was married to the 31-year-old Philip by proxy in Parma. Le roi Philippe VI choisit la France comme destination pour sa première visite d'État. Lynch says Philip V advanced the government only marginally over that of his predecessors and was more of a liability than the incapacitated Charles II. Petit-fils du roi Louis XIV, il est le premier souverain de la dynastie des Bourbons d'Espagne. [8], These losses greatly diminished the Spanish Empire in Europe, which had already been in decline. She was the daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and his wife Anne Marie d'Orléans, Philip's first cousin once removed. Light Dark. This was the spark that ignited the powder keg created by the unresolved issues of the War of the League of Augsburg (1689–1697) and the acceptance of the Spanish inheritance by Louis XIV for his grandson. Anne was born on November 2 1549, in Cigales. Philippe I de Parme (Madrid, - Alexandrie), infant d'Espagne, fils du roi Philippe V, membre de la Maison de Bourbon d'Espagne, il devient duc de Parme, de Plaisance et de Guastalla en 1748 avec le soutien de son beau-père le roi Louis XV de France et de son frère le roi Ferdinand VI d'Espagne. Louis XIV accepte le testament, et le duc d'Anjou (devenu le roi Philippe V d'Espagne) quitte la France pour rejoindre son nouveau pays. He was the second son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, who was the son and heir of King Louis XIV. Portrait collectif ,Espagne Marie Madeleine Josèphe Thérèse Barbe d' par VAN LOO Louis Michel (peinture à l'huile) - musée national des … In February 1701, Louis XIV caused the Parlement of Paris (a court) to register a decree that if Philip's elder brother, the Petit Dauphin Louis, died without an heir, then Philip would surrender the throne of Spain for the succession to the throne of France, ensuring dynastic continuity in Europe's greatest land power. The marriage was arranged by Cardinal Alberoni, with the concurrence of the Princesse des Ursins, the Camarera mayor de Palacio ("chief of the household") of the king of Spain. Indeed, Philip V's abdication occurred just over a month after the death of the Duke of Orléans, who had been regent for Louis XV of France. Below the elite level, the inefficiency and corruption that had existed under Charles II was as widespread as ever. [citation needed], Almost immediately the War of the Spanish Succession began. Il devient également roi … Narbonne, pendant les guerres religieuses, a toujours été un foyer de sédition. A-A + Justified Unjustified. [citation needed], The war was centred in Spain and west-central Europe (especially the Low Countries), with other important fighting in Germany and Italy. The king employed thousands of highly paid retainers at his palaces—not to rule the country but to look after the royal family. 162–166. 31 août 2017 - Découvrez le tableau "Philippe V d 'Espagne" de +33 6 sur Pinterest. Philip instigated many important reforms in Spain, most especially the centralization of power of the monarchy and the suppression of regional privileges, via the Nueva Planta decrees, and restructuring of the administration of the Spanish Empire on the Iberian peninsula and its overseas regions. [13] After the destruction of the main silver fleet at Vigo in 1702, the Navy was rebuilt. )[citation needed], On 2 November 1701, the almost 18-year-old Philip married the 13-year-old Maria Luisa of Savoy, as chosen by his grandfather King Louis XIV. Concern among other European powers that Spain and France united under a single Bourbon monarch would upset the balance of power pitted powerful France and weak Spain against the Grand Alliance of England, the Netherlands and Austria. A-A + Justified Unjustified. Charles was even hailed as King of Aragon under the name Charles III. He would be known by this name until he became the King of Spain. ", María Luisa, Duchess of San Fernando de Quiroga, Isabella Alfonsa, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Inés Maria, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 12:55. [11] His second wife, Elizabeth Farnese, completely dominated her passive husband. C’est un roi presque oublié que Franck Ferrand nous propose de redécouvrir aujourd’hui. The French claimed that it was on the basis of a dowry that had never been paid. et les Noms Anciens des principales Villes pour servir a l'Intelligence de l'Histoire Dressé sur les Memoires les plus nouveaux et Dedié à Sa Majesté Catholique Philippe V Roy d'Espagne &c. (1700) avec Philippe V … Philippe V, roi d'Espagne, en costume de chasse de Miguel Jacinto Meléndez Imprimé avec souci du détail sur une véritable toile de peintre Je n'aperçus nul vestige du duc d'Anjou, qu'il me fallut chercher dans son visage fort allongé, changé, et qui disait encore beaucoup moins que lorsqu'il était parti de France. Philippe V ( espagnol: Felipe; 19 décembre 1683 - 9 juillet 1746) était roi d'Espagne du 1er novembre 1700 au 14 janvier 1724, et de nouveau du 6 septembre 1724 à sa mort en 1746. Philippe IV compte sans aucun doute parmi les plus grands mécènes et les plus grands collectionneurs de son temps. Philip V was a legitimate descendant of Louis XIV, but matters were complicated by the Treaty of Utrecht, which forbade a union of the French and Spanish crowns. Simon and Schuster, New York, 1963. p358, E.N. Dernière modification de cette page le 27 juillet 2020 à 14:53. [citation needed], Shortly after the death of Queen Maria Luisa in 1714, the King decided to marry again. [citation needed], In any case, Louis died on 31 August 1724 in Madrid of smallpox, having reigned only seven months and leaving no issue. It was not until this was successfully accomplished (10 May 1713) that Spain and Great Britain made their own peace terms at the second Treaty of Utrecht (annexing the new law to the Treaty). However Philip did make some reforms in government, and strengthened the central authorities relative to the provinces. Williams, The Penguin Dictionary of English and European History, Henry Kamen, "The Destruction of the Spanish silver Fleet at Vigo in 1702.". Philippe V de Bourbon, né le 19 décembre 1683 à Versailles et mort le 9 juillet 1746 à Madrid, est un roi d'Espagne qui a régné de 1700 à 1746. [citation needed], Philip decided to relinquish his right of succession to France under one condition: the introduction of semi-Salic law in Spain. There was a proxy ceremony at Turin, the capital of the Duchy of Savoy, and another one at Versailles on 11 September. [6], It was with this war as a backdrop that, beginning in 1707, Philip issued the Nueva Planta decrees, which centralized Spanish rule under the Castilian political and administrative model and in the process abolished the charters of all independently administered kingdoms within Spain—most notably the Crown of Aragon, which was supporting Charles VI in the conflict—except for the Kingdom of Navarre and the rest of the Basque region, who had supported Philip in the war for the Spanish throne, and retained their semi-autonomous self-government. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème espagne, roi d espagne, reine d espagne. ») Philippe V, son petit-fils, sera forcé par les Impériaux de sortir d’Espagne. During this Atlantic trade emerged important figures of the naval history of Spain, among which stands out the corsair Amaro Pargo. The Duke and Duchess of Savoy were also the parents of Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, Duchess of Burgundy, Philip's sister-in-law. He was a younger brother of Louis, Duke of Burgundy, the father of Louis XV of France. Suffering from depression, he fell under the control of his second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. Wikipedia. By the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht that concluded the war, Philip was recognized as king of Spain but Spain was forced to cede Menorca and Gibraltar to Great Britain; the Spanish Netherlands, Naples, Milan, and Sardinia to the Austrian Habsburgs; and Sicily and parts of Milan to Savoy. English: Philippe of France, Duke of Anjou proclaimed King Felipe V of Spain at Versailles on 16 November 1700 Français : Philippe de France, duc d'Anjou, proclamé roi d'Espagne sous le nom de Philippe V. 16 novembre 1700 Philippe II, né le 21 mai 1527 à Valladolid et mort le 13 septembre 1598 au palais de l'Escurial, fils aîné de Charles Quint et d'Isabelle de Portugal, est roi d'Espagne, de Naples et de Sicile, archiduc d'Autriche, duc de Milan et prince [N 1] souverain des Pays-Bas de l'abdication de son père en 1555 à sa mort. [citation needed], Philip lived his first years under the supervision of the royal governess Louise de Prie and after that was tutored with his brothers by François Fénelon, Archbishop of Cambrai. [citation needed], Historians have not been kind to the king. Papes : Innocent X • Innocent XI • Innocent XII - Russie : Alexis Ier • Fédor III • Pierre le Grand. [citation needed], However, a second act of the French king "justified a hostile interpretation": pursuant to a treaty with Spain, Louis occupied several towns in the Spanish Netherlands (modern Belgium and Nord-Pas-de-Calais). File:Hyacinthe Rigaud - Philippe V, roi d'Espagne (1683-1746) - Google Art Project.jpg From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository Jump to navigation Jump to search Il fut, très jeune, sensible aux arts et à leur protection. 0 Ratings 0 Want to read; 1 Currently reading; 0 Have read; This edition published in 2000 by Perrin in . [16] The Monarch also interceded in the liberation of Amaro during his detention by the Casa de Contratación of Cádiz[17][18] and authorized him to build a ship bound for Campeche, which was armed in Corsica.[17]. En 1700, le roi Charles II d'Espagne meurt ; il n'a pas d'enfants et, par testament, il a choisi Philippe d'Anjou pour lui succéder. [1] The sum of his two reigns, 45 years and 21 days, is the longest in modern Spanish history. Il était courbé, rapetissé, le menton en avant fort éloigné de sa poitrine [...] Un justaucorps sans aucune sorte de dorure, d'une manière de bure brune, à cause de la chasse où il devait aller, ne relevait pas sa mine, ni son maintien...4 ». "The Spanish Risorgimento in the Western Mediterranean and Italy 1707–1748. [3] The Royal Council decided to accept the provisions of the will of Charles II naming Philip, King of Spain, and the Spanish ambassador was called in and introduced to his new king. Philippe V de Bourbon, Roi d’Espagne Le 1er novembre 1700, le maladif Charles II de Habsbourg, Roi d’Espagne, meurt sans héritier : dans son testament il désigne comme successeur le second petit-fils de Louis XIV, Philippe, duc d’Anjou. Duc d'Anjou, second fils du Grand Dauphin Louis et de Marie-Christine de Bavière, petit-fils de Louis XIV, le futur Philippe V d'Espagne naît à Versailles. Her most successful term was when Philip was away touring his Italian domains for nine months in 1702, when she was just 14 years old. [3], Philip died on 9 July 1746 in El Escorial, in Madrid, but was buried in his favorite Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, near Segovia. On the other hand, the majority of the nobility of the Crown of Aragon supported Charles of Austria, son of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and claimant to the Spanish throne by right of his grandmother Maria Anna of Spain. Il n'est pas destiné à régner, c'est son frère ainé, le duc Louis de Bourgogne qui est l'héritier de la couronne de France2. ", Pearce, Adrian J. Philip was born into the French royal family as Philippe, Duke of Anjou. Philip married his double-second cousin Maria Luisa of Savoy (17 September 1688 – 14 February 1714) on 3 November 1701[3] and they had 4 sons: Philip married Elisabeth Farnese (25 October 1692 – 11 July 1766) on 24 December 1714,[19] they had 6 children: "Philip of Anjou" redirects here. "Philip V of Spain: The King who Reigned Twice", p. 97. Trying to overturn the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht, he attempted to re-establish Spanish claims in Italy, triggering the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718–1720) in which Spain fought a coalition of four major powers. However, the Austrians maintained that Philip's grandmother had renounced the Spanish throne for herself and her descendants as part of her marriage contract. The French royal family recently had lost many legitimate agnates to diseases. De quoi nourrir vos convictions personnelles avec la référence Philippe V Espagne si la seconde main fait partie intégrante de vos habitudes d'achat. The army and bureaucracy went months without pay and only the shipments of silver from the New World kept the system going. [3] Ferdinand VI of Spain, his son by his first queen Maria Luisa of Savoy, succeeded him. The government promoted industry, agriculture and shipbuilding. The new king died later that year, and Philip took the throne again. Nevertheless, the new fleet was still too small to support the vast worldwide empire. [7], At one point in 1712 Philip was offered the choice of renouncing the throne of Spain so that he could be made heir of France, but he refused. In colonial North America, the conflict became known to the English colonists who fought against French and Spanish forces as Queen Anne's War. Light Dark. The reforms started by Philip V culminated in much more important reforms of Charles III. "Philip V of Spain: The King who Reigned Twice", Published by Yale University Press, 2001. Under this law, the succession to the Spanish crown was limited to his entire male line before it could pass to any female, a condition of his renunciation made clear to the allies during the preliminaries of the Treaties of Utrecht. Et cela, aussi bien du côté du neuf que des produits Philippe V Espagne occasion. The ambassador, along with his son, knelt before Philip and made a long speech in Spanish, which Philip did not understand. [citation needed], Maria Luisa proved very popular as Queen of Spain. Aujourd'hui sur Rakuten, 30 Philippe V Espagne vous attendent au sein de notre rayon . His second wife was Elisabeth of Parma, daughter of Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma, and Dorothea Sophie of the Palatinate. Philippe V d'Espagne by Philippe Erlanger, 1978, Perrin edition, in French / français Kamen, Henry. Philippe V abdique en 1724 en faveur de son fils ainé Louis, mais celui-ci meurt au bout de quelques mois de règne, et Philippe V redevient roi jusqu'à sa mort en 1746. However, since neither the Grand Dauphin nor his eldest son, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, could be displaced from the succession to the French throne, King Charles named the Duke of Anjou as his heir in his will. Partie meridionale des costes d'Espagne ou sont les Royaumes de Granade et d'Andalousie Avec l'Etendue des Anciens Royaumes de Cordüa, de Sevilla et de Jaen. [15], Philip V favored and promoted the Atlantic trade of Spain with its American possessions. Léopold Ier de Habsbourg, Empereur du Saint-Empire romain germanique, qui voyait déjà … Durant, Will. Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, María Antonia Fernanda, Queen of Sardinia, Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma, "Statistics of Wars, Oppressions and Atrocities of the Eighteenth Century", "La evolución de una fortuna indiana: D. Amaro Rodríguez Felipe (Amaro Pargo)", "Le monete delle due Sicilie: Coniate nella zecca di Napoli", Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies, Maria Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria, Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, María de la Paz, Princess Ludwig of Bavaria, Maria Teresa, Princess and Duchess of Bavaria, Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philip_V_of_Spain&oldid=993596657, Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Supernumerary Knights of the Order of the Holy Spirit, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Great ornamented version with coat of arms of Navarre. Découvrez gratuitement l'arbre généalogique de Philippe V d'Espagne de BOURBON pour tout savoir sur ses origines et son histoire familiale. Throughout his reign, Philip sought to reverse the decline of Spanish power. Sans Serif. Philip a initié de nombreuses réformes importantes en Espagne, en particulier la centralisation du pouvoir de la monarchie et la suppression des … [citation needed], In 1700, King Charles II of Spain, the last Hapsburg to rule Spain, died childless. Kamen, Henry. Il fit venir à la Cour le jeune Vélasquez, à peine âgé de 20 ans, le soutint tout au long de sa carrière et l'anoblit, comme il protégea la plupart des peintres … Spain suspended payments on its debt in 1739—effectively declaring bankruptcy. Le duc de Bourgogne n'a pas régné car il est mort en 1712, avant son grand-père Louis XIV. Since Philip's older brother, the Duke of Burgundy, was second in line to the French throne after his father, there was little expectation that either he or his younger brother Charles, Duke of Berry, would ever rule over France. [4], After a long Royal Council meeting in France at which the Dauphin spoke up in favor of his son's rights, it was agreed that Philip would ascend the throne, but he would forever renounce his claim to the throne of France for himself and his descendants. Le maréchal de Villars fut envoyé en Languedoc, en 1704, avec la mission de pacifier ces contrées que Louis XIV, pressé de toutes parts par ses ennemis, désespérait de … When he died in 1746, he was succeeded by his son Ferdinand VI. Philippe V est un petit fils de Louis XIV qui deviendra en 1700 roi d'Espagne suite à la mort de Charles II . The theory supposes that Philip V hoped that by abdicating the Spanish crown he could circumvent the Treaty and succeed to the French throne. Philip V (Spanish: Felipe; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 14 January 1724, and again from 6 September 1724 to his death in 1746. Philippe V d'Espagne un roi baroque esclave des femmes by Philippe Erlanger. Philip (2 July 1709 – 18 July 1709) died young. The three were also educated by Paul de Beauvilliers. Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón, Madrid: J. Ibarra, (Madrid: Bitácora, 1992). Il est le père de Louis XV. Merit became more important, although most senior positions still went to the landed aristocracy. "Bourbon Rule and the Origins of Reform in Spain and the Colonies, 1700 to 1719." Petit-fils du roi Louis XIV, il est le premier souverain de la dynastie des Bourbons d'Espagne.