Robert nevertheless sent troops to attack Metz, but was repulsed[152]. Odo (1013–c.1056), who may have been mentally retarded and died after his brother's failed invasion of Normandy. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XII Kal Aug" of "Rotbertus rex"[155]. XIII, cited in Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 63 footnote 57. In a conflict with Henry and the younger Robert, King Robert's army was beaten and he retreated to Beaugency outside Paris, his capital. Immediately after his own coronation, Robert's father Hugh began to push for the coronation of Robert. He succeeded his father in 1035 as BAUDOUIN V “le Pieux/Insulanus” Count of Flanders. He was consecrated associate-king 9 Jun 1017, at Compiègne, church of the Abbaye de Saint-Corneille, when he was "barely 10 years old" according to Rodolfus Glaber[201]. [183] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum III.7, p. 107. She was the widow of Arnulf II of Flanders, with whom she had children, the oldest of whom was of age to assume the offices of count of Flanders. Forfar til Huset Capet i Bourgogne. Hugues III, Roi de France b. Robert, however, despite his marital problems, was a very devout Roman Catholic, hence his sobriquet "the Pious." [3] Robert was eventually crowned on 30 December that same year. He was interred with Constance in Saint Denis Basilica. However, to contemporaries, Robert's "piety" also resulted from his lack of toleration for heretics: he harshly punished them. (1845) Richeri Historiarum (Paris) IV.LXXXVII, p. 270. He was musically inclined, being a composer, chorister, and poet, and making his palace a place of religious seclusion, where he conducted the matins and vespers in his royal robes. However, this is chronologically unlikely given that King Robert and his known sisters were born in the 970s, more than twenty years before the earliest possible date of birth of Comte Renaud. III, Liber VII, p. 160. Robert II le Pieux, né à Orléans en 972 et mort en 1031 au château de Melun, est le deuxième roi franc de la dynastie des capétiens. However, to contemporaries, Robert's "piety" resulted from his lack of toleration for heretics: he harshly punished them. [3] Robert was eventually crowned on 30 December that same year. After long negotiations with Gregory's successor, Sylvester II, the marriage was annulled. After long negotiations with Gregory's successor, Sylvester II, the marriage was annulled. m secondly ([late 996/early 997], divorced Sep 1001) BERTHE of Burgundy, widow of EUDES I Comte de Blois et de Chartres, daughter of CONRAD I “le Pacifique” King of Burgundy [Welf] & his wife Mathilde de France [Carolingian] ([964/965]-16 Jan after 1010). In 988 he marriedRosala, or Susanna, widow of Arnold II, count of Flanders. He was succeeded by his and Constance's second son, Henri I. c. 988, 1) Susanne (Rosala), Princess of Italy (c.966 - January 26, 1003). December 987 – 24 October 996; Coronation 30[citation needed] December 987, Robert had no children from his short-lived marriage to Susanna. [1] Hugh's claimed reason was that he was planning an expedition against the Moorish armies harassing Borrel II of Barcelona, an invasion which never occurred, and that the stability of the country necessitated a co-king, should he die while on expedition. Ctss de Contenance. Son père, pour s'assurer qu'il lui succèderait, l'a fait sacrer de son vivant, dès la Noël 987, par l'évêque de Reims Adalbéron. 1031. Den fromme kong Robert II fikk få venner og mange fiender, inkludert sine egne sønner. Det var ikke før i 1016 at han til slutt maktet å få kirken bak seg til å bli anerkjent som hertug av Bourgogne. Ralph Glaber, however, attributes Hugh's request to his old age and inability to control the nobility. A missing Capetian princess: Advisa, daughter of King Robert II of France (Medieval Prosopography), 1990. Il est le fils et successeur d' Hugues Capet . In 1003, his invasion of the Duchy of Burgundy was thwarted and it would not be until 1016 that he was finally able to get the support of the Church and be recognized as Duke of Burgundy. Finally, in 1001, Robert entered into his final and longest-lasting marriage to Constance of Arles, the daughter of William I of Provence. 6, pp. HUGUES de France (1007-28 Aug 1025, bur Compiègne, church of the Abbaye de Saint-Corneille). Il commença à régner en 996, à la mort de son père et Hugues Capet qui en avait eu la sage précaution de l’associer au trône de son vivant. Odo (1013–1056), who may have been mentally retarded and died after his brother's failed invasion of Normandy, Constance (born 1014), married Manasses de Dammartin. "The essential means by which the early Capetians were seen to have kept the throne in their family was through the association of the eldest surviving son in the royalty during the father's lifetime," Andrew W. Lewis has observed, in tracing the phenomenon in this line of kings who lacked dynastic legitimacy. [170] Hugonis Floriacensis, Liber qui Modernorum Regum Francorum continet Actus 9, MGH SS IX, p. 387. Roi des Francs, 2e souverain capétien. King Robert & his third wife had [seven] children: There is no proof that Constance, wife of Manassès de Dammartin, was the daughter of King Robert II, the affiliation being proposed for onomastic reasons only[190]. [2] Ralph Glaber, however, attributes Hugh's request to his old age and inability to control the nobility. The son of Hugh Capet, founder of the Capetian dynasty, and Adelaide of Aquitaine, Robert was educated at the episcopal school of Reims under Gerbert of … Robert divorced her within a year of his father's death. [3] Modern scholarship has largely imputed to Hugh the motive of establishing a dynasty against the claims of electoral power on the part of the aristocracy, but this is not the typical view of contemporaries and even some modern scholars have been less sceptical of Hugh's "plan" to campaign in Spain. She founded the Benedictine monastery at Messines near Ypres. After the death of Emperor Heinrich II King of Germany in 1024, King Robert supported the rebels (led by Frédéric II Duke of Upper Lotharingia) opposed to King Konrad II but he refused the crown of Italy which they offered it to him. [3] Robert was eventually crowned on 30 December that same year. The necrology of Argenteuil Priory records the death "VIII Kal Aug" of "Constancia regina"[189]. Hij is getrouwd rond 1001 met Constança d'Arle, ze kregen 4 kinderen. m firstly (988, before 1 Apr, repudiated [991/92]) as her second husband, ROZALA [Suzanne] di Ivrea, widow of ARNOUL II “le Jeune” Count of Flanders, daughter of BERENGARIO II ex-King of Italy [Ivrea] & his wife Willa of Tuscany-Arles ([950/960]-13 Dec 1003 or 7 Feb 1004, bur Gent, church of the Abbey de Saint-Pierre du Mont-Blandin). He rebelled against his father claiming the full authority of his position as associate-king, but later submitted[202]. 996 à 1031 - Règne de ROBERT II Le Pieux - Le nouveau ROI de France a juste dix sept ans lorsqu'il épouse en 988 Rosala ( fille de Béranger, ex-roi d'Italie exilé en Allemagne, et veuve du comte de Flandre Arnoul II.) Robert II de Dreux et Yolande de Coucy, son épouse, sont inhumés en la nécropole familiale de l'église de l'abbatiale Saint-Yved de Braine. She was a widow of Odo I of Blois, but was also Robert's cousin. He claimed the duchy of Burgundy on the death of his paternal uncle Duke Henri in 1002, but took 12 years to complete its conquest in the face of opposition from Otto-Guillaume Comte de Mâcon[180]. 7. Robert II le Pieux, roi des Francs de 996 à 1031 (Orléans vers 970 - Melun 1031). Reign As co-King: 30 December 987 – 24 October 996; as senior King: 24 October 996 – 20 July 1031, Coronation 30 December 987, Cathedral of Orléans, Buried Saint Denis Basilica, Paris, France, Issue Hugh Magnus, Rex Filius (1007 – 1025), Adela, Countess of Flanders (1009 – 1063), Mother Adelaide of Aquitaine (952 - 1004). Adela de France, Princesse de France+ b. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Id Mai" of "Odo Roberti regis filius"[212]. He was succeeded by his son Henry, in both France and Burgundy. [214] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 2, MGH SS XIII, p. 252. (help, get involved!). Rodolfus Glaber records that "Rainaldus…Landrici comitis filius" married a daughter of King Robert[194]. Kerrebrouck mentions her betrothal to Duke Richard "très jeune" but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[216]. Fils d’Hugues Capet et de son épouse Adélaïde d'Aquitaine, il est le deuxième roi franc de la dynastie capétienne. Robert II le pieux attaque Renaud comte de Sens à qui Eudes de Chartres porte assistance. eller Elisabeth d'Avoye, datter av en Henri l'Oiseteur. According to Europäische Stammtafeln[193], the wife of Manassès was "Constance [de Dammartin]", presumably on the theory that she brought her husband the county of Dammartin. Rodolfus Glaber records that King Robert had two daughters by his wife Constance[192], presumably referring to Hedwige and Adela. The only relationship so far identified between the two is that Constance's maternal uncle, Geoffroy I Comte d'Anjou, was the second husband of the mother of Comte Hugues. He tried instead to marry Bertha, daughter of Conrad of Burgundy, around the time of his father's death. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines also names "Constantia filia fuit Blanche comitisse Arelatensis" as wife of "Robertus rex"[179]. She was an ambitious and scheming woman, who made life miserable for her husband by encouraging her sons to revolt against their father. Personal data Robert II 'le Pious le Pieux' of France (Robert II 'le Pious, le Pieux' of France) Capet King of France (24-10 996 - 2-7 1031) Sources 1, 2, 3, 4. (ed.) [168] Annales Elnonenses Minores 1003, MGH SS V, p. 19. He was invested as associate-king with his father 25 Dec 987, consecrated 1 Apr 988 at the cathedral of Sainte-Croix in Orléans[178]. 83, No. A measure of Hugh's success is that when Hugh died in 996, Robert continued to reign without any succession dispute, but during his long reign actual royal power dissipated into the hands of the great territorial magnates. Enke av grev Theobald II av Blois. Silver denier of Robert II, 1.22g. Geni requires JavaScript! [203] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés, p. 270. He tried instead to marry Bertha, daughter of Conrad of Burgundy, around the time of his father's death. Thus, when the duke of Burgundy died without an heir (1002), Robert went to war against a rival claimant. Robert had begun to take on active royal duties with his father in the early 990s. Robert II dispenses alms to the poor: "Robert had a kindly feeling for the weak and poor" — from Guizot's A Popular History of France From The Earliest Times.Robert, however, despite his marital problems, was a very devout Roman Catholic, hence his sobriquet "the Pious." Han var svært musikalsk begavet og var utøvende som komponist og korsanger, skrev poesi, og gjorde sitt palass til et avsondret, religiøst sted hvor han dirigerte gudstjenester, morgenbønn og kveldsbønn i sine kongelige drakt. Finally, in 1001, Robert entered into his final and longest-lasting marriage: to Constance of Arles, the daughter of William I of Provence. Hun var meget eldre enn Robert, og ekteskapet var arrangert av hans far. For five yearsthe king braved all anathemas, but about 1002 he gave up Bertha andmarried Constance, daughter of a certain County William. m (Amiens 1028) BAUDOUIN de Flandre, son of BAUDOUIN IV "le Barbu/Pulchrae Barbae" Count of Flanders & his first wife Ogive de Luxembourg ([1012/13]-Lille 1 Sep 1067, bur Lille, Saint-Pierre). [2] Modern scholarship has largely imputed to Hugh the motive of establishing a dynasty against the pretension of electoral power on the part of the aristocracy, but this is not the typical view of contemporaries and even some modern scholar have been less sceptical of Hugh's "plan" to campaign in Spain. Category:Robert II of France. The son of Hugh Capet, founder of the Capetian dynasty, and Adelaide of Aquitaine, Robert was educated at the episcopal school of Reims under Gerbert of Aurillac, later Pope Sylvester II. Bertha (but the marriage got annulled). He was interred with his third wife, Constance d'Arles (973-July 25, 1032) in Saint Denis Basilica. Régnant de 996 à 1031, il est ainsi l'un des souverains de l’an mil. [185] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum III.34, p. 157. The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Alam comitissam Flandrensem" as the daughter of King Robert[214]. [196] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF X, p. 258. She was a widow of Odo I of Blois, but was also Robert's cousin. December 987, probably in January 988]. He tried instead to marry Bertha, daughter of Conrad of Burgundy, around the time of his father's death. Robert nevertheless sent troops to attack Metz, but was repulsed[181]. Robert døde mens han var i krig med sine sønner den 20. juli 1031 i Melun. Robert II (27 March 972 – 20 July 1031), called the Pious or the Wise, was King of France from 996 until his death. After Hugh's death, Robert's concluding days were troubled bya rising on the part of his younger sons, and after a short war, in whichhe was worsted, the king died at Melun on July 20, 1031. IV (Oxford Medieval Texts, 1969-80), Appendix I, p. 350. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. and trans.) He was musically inclined, being a composer, chorister, and poet, and making his palace a place of religious seclusion, where he conducted the matins and vespers in his royal robes. Il fut surnommé le Pieux à cause de sa grande dévotion, de sa culture théologique, de ses fondations religieuses, et de son attention aux pauvres. A la suite des intrigues de la reine Constance, son fils et successeur Henri Ier renoncera à ce riche duché qui sera cédé en apanage à Robert, le plus jeune des fils du roi, une vingtaine d'années plus tard. She was an ambitious and scheming woman, who made life miserable for her husband by encouraging her sons to revolt against their father. Hans overlevende sønner, den kommende Henrik I av Frankrike og Robert I, hertug av Bourgogne, vendte seg også mot kongen i en borgerkrig for makt og eiendom. I, Liber I, p. 184, and Vol. ROBERT de France ([1011/12]-church of Fleury-sur-Ouche, Côte d’Or 18 Mar 1076, bur Saint-Seine-l'Abbaye, Côte d’Or). The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "V Kal Sep" of "Hugo iuvenis rex Francorum"[203]. [163] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 60 footnote 32. -------------------- Immediately after his own coronation, Robert's father Hugh began to push for the coronation of Robert. Robert II le Pieux - La date de naissance (27 mars 972) est d'une précision étonnante qu'on ne retrouve dans aucune encyclopédie (972). He married, thirdly, Constance d'Arles, daughter of Guillaume III Taillefer, Comte de Provence and Adelaide d'Anjou, in 1003. [204] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Prieuré d'Argenteuil, p. 348. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. He succeeded his father in 996 as ROBERT II "le Pieux"[150] King of France. EUDES de France ([1013]-Germigny-des-Prés, near Sully, Loiret 15 May [1057/59]). [4] Robert was eventually crowned on 30[citation needed] December 987. Robert II, fils d'Hugues Capet, roi de France de 996 à 1031, fut un souverain que ses qualités et ses vertus firent béatifier de son vivant par la voix populaire. 4. [165] Guadet, J. The Historia Francorum names (in order) "Hugonem qui cognominatus est Magnus, Henricum, Robertum, Odonem" as the four sons of King Robert and Constance[209]. [189] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Prieuré d'Argenteuil, p. 348. For this reason, Pope Gregory V refused to sanction the marriage and Robert was excommunicated. She returned to Flanders after she was repudiated by her second husband, and became one of the principal advisers of her son Count Baldwin IV. [150] This nickname was applied to the king from the early years of his reign, see Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 59 footnote 2. As early as 989, having been rebuffed in his search for a Byzantine princess,[5] Hugh Capet arranged for Robert to marry the recently-widowed daughter of Berengar II of Italy, Rozala, who took the name of Susannah upon becoming Queen. Kong Roberts hærstyrker ble beseiret og han trakk seg tilbake til Beaugency utenfor Paris. Robert II 'le Pieux' de France is geboren op 27 maart 972 in Orléans, Centre, France, zoon van Hugues 'Capet' roi des Francs roi des Francs en Adelais de Poitou. Son accès face au plateau, couvert d'une profonde forêt, était protégé par un profond fossé artificiel qui le protégeait des trois côtés [3]. Robert II, surnommé « le Pieux », est né à Orléans vers 972 [n 1] et mort au château de Melun le 20 juillet 1031.Fils d’Hugues Capet et de son épouse Adélaïde d'Aquitaine, il est le deuxième roi franc de la dynastie capétienne.Régnant de 996 à 1031, il est ainsi l'un des souverains de l’an mil. For reasons of consanguinity, Pope Gregory V refused to sanction the marriage, and Robert was excommunicated. In 991, he helped his father prevent the French bishops from trekking to Mousson in the Kingdom of Germany for a synod called by Pope John XV, with whom Hugh was then in disagreement. Annexion du comté de Dreux au domaine royal. Monnaie de Paris. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XIII Kal Aug" of "Rotbertus…Francorum rex"[185]. In a conflict with Henry and the younger Robert, King Robert's army was beaten and he retreated to Beaugency outside Paris, his capital. Soon after his own coronation (July 987), Hugh prudently arranged the election and coronation (December 987) of Robert, thus facilitating his son’s eventual succession (October 996) as sole ruler. Med sistnevnte kalles hun for Adela, grevinne av Flandern og er bedre kjent som mor til Matilda av Flandern, hustru til «Vilhelm Erobrenen» (se over). II : Robert II le Pieux (996 à 1031) 1° La jeunesse de Robert II (972 à 996) – Fils d’Hugues Capet et d’Adélaïde, Robert II naquit vers 972. Robert began to take on active royal duties with his father in the early 990s. He succeeded his father in 1028 as RENAUD I Comte de Nevers. His illegal marriage to Bertha gave him one stillborn son in 999, but only Constance gave him surviving children:[7]. The second reigning member of the House of Capet, he was born in Orléans to Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XII Kal Aug" of "Rotbertus rex"[184]. (ed.) Called the Pious or the Wise, was King of France from 996 until his death. Odo (1013–c.1056), who may have been mentally retarded and died after his brother's failed invasion of Normandy. His illegal marriage to Bertha gave him one stillborn son in 999, but only Constance gave him surviving children: Hedwig (or known as Advisa of Auxerre), married Renauld I, Count of Nevers on 25 January 1016 and had issues. Robert I, hertug av Bourgogne (1011-21. mars 1076). 4. [188] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés, p. 267. However, to contemporaries, Robert's "piety", resulted from his lack of toleration for heretics: he harshly punished them. A patron of the Cluniac monastic movement, Robert apparently ruled firmly and judiciously in his own lands. Son père, vraisemblablement analphabète, fut cependant soucieux de donner à son héritier une bonne éducation. However, to contemporaries, Robert's "piety", resulted from his lack of toleration for heretics: he harshly punished them. m ([1023 or before]) MANASSES Comte de Dammartin-en-Goële, son of HILDUIN II de Montdidier Seigneur de Ramérupt & his wife --- (-killed in battle Ornel, near Etain, Bar-le-Duc 15 Nov or 15 Dec 1037).]. Constance, married Manasses de Dammartin. Men, disse ekteskap og forbindelser mellom Hamon og hertugene av Normandie har ennå ikke blitt tilfredsstillende bevist. [190] Depoin, J. 6. "Richardus Nortmannorum dux" agreed grants of property to "Adela" on the occasion of their marriage by charter dated Jan 1026, which does not specify her parentage[217]. Il meurt en 1031, à Melun. She was a widow of Odo I of Blois, but was also Robert's cousin. [2] Ralph Glaber, however, attributes Hugh's request to his old age and inability to control the nobility. His excommunication as a result of his marriage within the prohibited degrees of relationship was eventually lifted after the repudiation of the childless Bertha in 1001. Il régna de 996 à 1031. The second reigning member of the House of Capet. Laurent Theis, Robert le Pieux. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Ralph Glaber, however, attributes Hugh's request to his old age and inability to contol the nobility. The second reigning member of the House of Capet, he was born in Orléans to Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine. In 1001, 3) Constance Taillefer d'Arles (973-July 25, 1032). Pope Gregory V called on King Robert to repudiate his wife in 998 on grounds of consanguinity. He tried instead to marry Bertha, daughter of Conrad of Burgundy, around the time of his father's death. [213] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1060, MGH SS XXIII, p. 792. "The essential means by which the early Capetians were seen to have kept the throne in their family was through the association of the eldest surviving son in the royalty during the father's lifetime," Andrew W. Lewis has observed, in tracing the phenomenon in this line of kings who lacked dynastic legitimacy. 1016. His mother supported him as candidate to be consecrated associate king in 1027, in place of his older brother Henri who was supported by their father. France retained Montreuil-sur-Mer.